View Full Version : Using Deliberate Practice to Train Military-Civilian Interagency Coordination

02-26-2007, 08:39 PM
Using Deliberate Practice to Train Military-Civilian Interagency Coordination:
http://aptima.com/publications/2006_Beaubien_Shadrick_Paley_Badugu_Ennis_Jacklin. pdf

The Army has recently been called upon to lead numerous Support and Stability Operations (SASOs) to relieve
suffering and help local authorities respond to crises. To be successful during SASOs, Army officers must
effectively interact with their counterparts from other military, civilian, and non-profit organizations. This holds true
for both foreign deployments in the global war on terror and domestic crises such as Hurricane Katrina.

Unfortunately, current methods for training the crisis management skills that are required for success in SASOs are
insufficient. Specifically, the Army’s current “train as you fight” focus – with its emphasis on unstructured practice
in whole-task environments, and the use of costly, high-fidelity simulation – is an inefficient approach to training.
While these types of experiences may help to reinforce the existing knowledge of experienced crisis managers, they
will not transform a good crisis manager into an expert one. The Army needs to develop training that incorporates
the principles of deliberate practice, especially at lower echelons of command. Only after these crisis management
skills have been trained to near automatic levels will learners receive the full benefit of less structured, high-fidelity
practice environments that present learners with numerous distractions.

With this in mind, the US Army Research Institute developed the Red Cape: Crisis Action Planning and Execution
training program. Red Cape uses the deliberate practice training technique to provide Army National Guard officers
with the opportunity to practice their crisis management skills on 15 realistic homeland security and national
disaster scenarios, including: earthquakes, dirty bomb attacks, prison riots, winter snowstorms, and sports riots. Red
Cape was developed with the assistance of Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) from the Indiana Army National Guard,
the Indiana Department of Homeland Security, the Indiana Department of Transportation, the Indiana State Police,
and the Indiana Department of Environmental Management, among others.