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View Full Version : Dutch Counter-Insurgency on Java, 1947 - 49


davidbfpo
02-21-2016, 07:59 PM
A rare article, free too on BJMH, on the Dutch 'police action' in the Dutch East Indies post-1945, now known as Indonesia. On my first read so many examples can be found in contemporary campaigns. There are a few surprises too, notably a parachute assault on the nationalist HQ, capturing the top leadership.

The author's aim:This article addresses the question why the Dutch – despite their overwhelming military superiority and initial diplomatic successes – never came close to defeating the insurgency on Java, the key island in the Archipelago. It does so by focusing on what is often considered a central element of counter-insurgency campaigning but has received little attention in the literature on the war of decolonisation: the institutional challenge of balancing and integrating the military and civilian effort.The author concludes:The Dutch approach in countering the Indonesian revolt can be summarised as follows. The campaign lacked a realistic political aim, too often relied on excessive force, neglected governance in occupied territory and failed to create a balanced and integrated mechanism for civil-military cooperation. ‘When we speak about “hearts and minds” [in the colonial context]’, Hew Strachan convincingly argued during a counter-insurgency conference in 2007, ‘we are not talking about being nice to the natives, but about giving them the firm smack of government.’ The Dutch never came close. Without an adequate system to either control the Indonesians in order to shield them from insurgent influence or to persuade them to join the Dutch camp,the Netherlands failed to separate the insurgents from the population. Intelligence on the enemy was militarised and often failed to distinguish between friend, ‘fence sitters’ and foe. Secondly, the Dutch lacked patience: hoping for quick results they focused on two speedy offensives at the expense of progressive pacification and long term reform. Finally, Dutch forces failed to sufficiently innovate and adapt to their enemy and environmentLink:http://bjmh.org.uk/index.php/bjmh/article/view/30/22

An older thread also covers this campaign, albeit now closed and yes this maybe merged there one day:End of Empires: who and what was responsible? (post WW2) (http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/End of Empires: who and what was responsible? (post WW2))

davidbfpo
12-03-2016, 12:36 PM
An official Dutch apology is not enough:The Dutch government on Friday (Dec 2) announced a new study into a bloody colonial conflict running up to Indonesia's independence in 1949, Prime Minister Mark Rutte said.Link:http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/dutch-unveil-study-into-indonesia-colonial-conflict/3338614.html#.WEKvERQEI2E.twitter