View Full Version : Budget & Mgt Challenges of Iraq's Security Ministries

03-26-2007, 03:35 AM
GAO Report, 22 Mar 07: Stabilizing Iraq: Preliminary Observations on Budget and Management Challenges of Iraq’s Security Ministries (http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d07637t.pdf)

In March 2007, DOD reported that Iraq will increase its 2007 security budget from $5.4 billion to $7.3 billion (a 37-percent increase). DOD states this increase provides evidence of the country’s growing self-sufficiency and commitment to security. However, our analysis shows that some of this increase is due to the appreciation of the Iraqi dinar against the dollar. Using a constant exchange rate, Iraq’s 2007 security budget grows by 15 percent. Also, Iraq faced problems spending its 2006 security budget. As of November 2006, the Iraq Ministry of Defense had spent only about 1 percent of its capital goods budget for weapons, ammunition, and vehicles (see figure). DOD has requested $5.8 billion in additional U.S. funds to help purchase these items for Iraq and provide assistance to its security ministries.

The United States and Iraq face personnel and logistical challenges in developing ministries that can sustain Iraq’s growing security forces. For example, the ministries have inadequate systems to account for personnel and inexperienced staff with limited budgeting and technology skills. Also, both security ministries have difficulties acquiring, distributing, and maintaining weapons, vehicles, and equipment. The U.S.-led coalition has provided significant resources to develop Iraq’s security forces and has 215 military and civilian advisors at the ministries. The United States signed a foreign military sales agreement with Iraq that, according to U.S. officials, allows Iraq to bypass its ineffective procurement systems to purchase equipment directly from the United States. Iraq has deposited $1.9 billion into its account for foreign military sales. However, it is unclear whether this program will help improve the ministries’ procurement and contracting capacity....

04-24-2007, 01:27 PM
GAO Report, 23 Apr 07: Stabilizing and Rebuilding Iraq: Conditions in Iraq Are Conducive to Fraud, Waste, and Abuse (http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d07525t.pdf)

....Our ongoing work has identified weaknesses in the $15.4 billion program to support the development and sustainment of Iraqi security forces. Sectarian divisions have eroded the dependability of many Iraqi units, and a number of Iraqi units have refused to serve outside the areas where they were recruited. Corruption and infiltration by militias and others loyal to parties other than the Iraqi government have resulted in the Iraqi security forces being part of the problem in many areas instead of the solution. While unit-level transition readiness assessments (TRA) provide important information on Iraqi security force capabilities, the aggregate reports DOD provides to Congress based on these assessments do not provide adequate information to judge the capabilities of Iraqi forces. The DOD reports do not detail the adequacy of Iraqi security forces’ manpower, equipment, logistical support, or training and may overstate the number of forces on duty. Congress will need additional information found in the TRAs to assess DOD’s supplemental request for funds to train and equip Iraqi security forces. GAO has made repeated attempts to obtain U.S. assessments of Iraqi forces without success. These data are essential for Congress to undertake an independent and informed assessment of Iraqi forces’ capabilities, funding needs, and results. Further, DOD and MNF-I may be unable to ensure that all of the equipment obtained for the Iraqis reached the intended recipients. It is also unclear what accountability measures DOD has applied to the train-and-equip program for Iraq....