View Full Version : Islamic Fundamentalism in South Asia

09-22-2007, 01:01 PM
A series of "Of Interest" papers published by SSI:

....This paper is about the history, rise and current state of Islamic fundamentalism in South Asia, the most populated region in the world and home to the largest concentration of Muslims on earth. There are over 1.5 billion people in South Asia, which includes Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal.

If one includes China, directly north, there are 2.7 billion people in this region, nearly one-half of the world’s population. South Asia is home to nearly one half of the world’s 1.2 billion Muslims. Nearly 30 percent of this region is Muslim.

From October 2006–March 2007, I traveled in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh, countries I have worked in before as a journalist. I briefly visited Indian-administered Kashmir, where I had not been before. I had visited Pakistani-administered Kashmir in December 2005. Drawing on my own experiences in the past, I wanted to study the history and rise of Islamic fundamentalism and see where it is today.

This is a report on my trip and on my conversations with academics, activists, politicians, writers, and religious leaders in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Kashmir, and Bangladesh....
Part I: The History, Rise, and Future of Islamic Fundamentalism in South Asia (http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/of-interest-2.pdf)

Part II: Afghanistan and Pakistan (http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/of-interest-3.pdf)

Part III: Bangladesh (http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/of-interest-4.pdf)

Rex Brynen
01-26-2009, 08:27 PM
A forthcoming event from the Post-Conflict Reconstruction Project at CSIS & The Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies at Columbia University:

Public Attitudes and Discontent: Extremism and Governance in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Indonesia (http://www.csis.org/component/option,com_csis_events/task,view/id,1901/)

This Thursday, January 29, 2009 from 4:00 – 5:30 pm at CSIS
4th Floor Conference Room

Presentation and discussion by:
Craig Charney, Ph.D., President, Charney Research
Lincoln Mitchell, Ph.D., Arnold A. Saltzman Assistant Professor in the Practice of International Affairs, Columbia University

Please join us for the release of a major new study detailing survey findings on public attitudes towards extremism and governance in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Indonesia. The research is based on comprehensive, comparative nationwide surveys in three key Muslim states. The research explores public opinions on terrorism and extremism, the United States and its allies, and satisfaction with government performance, public services, and security forces

Discussion Followed by Reception

To RSVP, please contact Justine Fleischner at JFleischner@csis.org

03-31-2009, 05:24 PM
IISS Strategic Insights, Apr 09: Islamic Extremism in India (http://www.iiss.org/publications/strategic-comments/past-issues/volume-15-2009/volume-15-issue-3/islamic-extremism-in-india/)

In March, India announced that its prestigious cricket tournament, the Indian Premier League (IPL), would move to South Africa, citing security fears during the country’s elections, which also take place in April–May. Organisers were most concerned about a ‘spectacular’ like that in Mumbai in 2008, or an attack similar to that on the Sri Lankan cricket team recently in Pakistan.

But the move also focused attention on the rise in home-grown Indian jihadi terrorism. Although it long insisted that Islamic extremism had not developed among its Muslim communities, India is now having to accept that a small section of its 160-million-strong Muslim community – the second largest after Indonesia’s and accounting for 14% of the largely Hindu population – has become radicalised.....

12-10-2009, 08:08 PM
A fine-grained analysis of the mostly Punjabi terror groups in Pakistan:

The Jihadi Terrain in Pakistan: An Introduction to Sunni Jihadi Groups in Pakistan and Kashmir (http://spaces.brad.ac.uk:8080/download/attachments/748/resrep1.pdf)- Pakistan Security Research Unit

After the U.S.-led coalition ousted the Pakistan-allied Taliban the spotlight was once again on mujahideen in Pakistan. By this time, however, anti-American, anti-Jewish, and anti-Hindu ideologies were already common narratives among these groups, despite operations remaining regionally focused. It does appear that the message of jihad is becoming increasingly transnational for some of these groups, but reports that conflate them with the broader global Salafi jihad seem oversimplified.

This is certainly not to downplay the danger that these groups pose to human security and overall stability in the region. Their goals, organizational structures, and demographics differ in several ways from the global Salafi jihad, but they are no less lethal in their mission. The ability of these groups to incite Islamic fervor against India and the West and in the name of Kashmir has left a bloody trail, and their ability to cleave sectarian rifts in Pakistan has taken a massive toll on the country’s society and national identity. Their availability as a cheap and able proxy against India has helped keep the Pakistani military a state within a state. Aside from their role in broader Islamist militancy, these groups are entrenched as obstacles to security and state-building in Pakistan ...

I think it's quite clear with the Punjabi origin of many of the attackers in Lahore, Islamabad, and Rawalpindi that some of these groups have allied with the TTP. Increasingly these groups are acting in direct opposition to their former state sponsors in the Pakistani security services.

12-10-2009, 11:24 PM
A fine-grained analysis of the mostly Punjabi terror groups in Pakistan:

Increasingly these groups are acting in direct opposition to their former state sponsors in the Pakistani security services.

I think the correct wording would be "some of their sponsors in the Pakistani security services".
Not only does the army distinguish good jihadis and bad jihadis (a continuously moving line that causes much confusion within the security establishment), the jihadis also distinguish bad army and good army. Being Jihadis, they dont really care too much who they kill ("god will know his own") but they retain a soft spot for the army and will run home to papa if circumstances change....

05-14-2010, 06:39 PM
IPCS, 13 May 10:

Understanding Religious Radicalization: Issues, Threats and Early Warnings in Kashmir Valley (http://www.ipcs.org/pdf_file/issue/IB149-BPCR-Arjimand.pdf)

.....There are two facets of the debate on religious radicalization in Kashmir. At one level, the trends of organized radicalization are on a clear decline. The decimation of the structures and cadres of organizations like the once influential Jamaat-i-Islami and its offshoot organizations during the last twenty years has seen a systematic decline in the trend of organized radicalization. On the other hand, events like the Amarnath land controversy of 2008 have served to radicalize vast sections of Kashmir’s youth, who see such developments as a clear manifestation of furthering ‘Hindu India’s religious domination over Kashmir’ and the ‘dilution of its overwhelmingly Muslim character’....

12-05-2010, 08:41 PM
is at