View Full Version : Looking for information for a paper

09-12-2008, 03:59 PM
I'm working on a paper on "structure" versus "cause" in revolution.

Cause is defined as the ideological or emotive appeal of a movement and structure as the governmental system that is embraced or opposed by a group.

I've only recently been introduced to the concept, and am trying to tie it into the contemporary conflict between Muslims and the West.

I'm in need of a good bibliography to explore structure and cause. I've recently read Kepel's book on the Muslim Mind, T.E. Lawrence's works, as well as other people's papers that address the contemporary conflict.

It's already been suggested that I look into J.S. Mills' works.

I look forward to your ideas about a good reading list and if anyone is willing to sharp-shoot my ideas.



Tom Odom
09-12-2008, 04:08 PM

Look at Eric Hofer's True Believer on "cause".

Try Franz Fanon's Wretched of the Earth as a description for structure.


J Wolfsberger
09-12-2008, 04:16 PM
I'd recommend:

"The Anatomy of Revolution" by Crane Brinton
"Why Men Rebel" by Ted R. Gurr
"Political Order in Changing Societies" by Samuel P. Huntington

09-12-2008, 04:46 PM
Goldstone's work is, I think, the current industry standard. It became the standard-bearer after Skocpol's "States and Social Revolutions," <http://www.amazon.com/States-Social-Revolutions-Comparative-Analysis/dp/0521294991> whose introductory pages might also bear reading.

I would strongly suggest looking at Charles Kurzman's "The Unthinkable Revolution," <http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog/KURUNT.html>, which in my opinion has a very sophisticated take on what I think you're probably looking at.

I might also look at the literature review chapters on revolutions in Zahedi, "The Iranian Revolution: Then and Now," <http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&id=a8vkB7S0fXAC&dq=zahedi+iranian+revolution&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=nxvpBrUUTW&sig=WFbe3aL41qt7fnSCxVZPIZ_0BSw&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result#PPP7,M1> and George Lawson, "Negotiated Revolutions," <http://books.google.com/books?id=YrRdTA-B6PcC&pg=PA79&lpg=PA79&dq=george+lawson+revolution+czechoslovakia&source=web&ots=_WPLCapd0-&sig=0dtGhZ_KppSglR0zZ4B4ae7C-6I&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result>.


09-13-2008, 07:48 PM
This has a very, very nice discussion of whether to look at short- or long-term causes of revolutions:

On the Etiology of Internal Wars
Harry Eckstein
History and Theory, Vol. 4, No. 2 (1965)

I think he turned it into a book.

In terms of reading priority, I'd say read this, and then read Kurzman.


09-14-2008, 02:34 AM
Thanks, all. I will read through that bunch, and see what springs forth.


09-23-2008, 02:16 AM
Doug McAdam, Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, 1930-1970 (http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&id=ADiJTD8s4KYC&dq=olitical+Process+and+the+Development+of+Black+I nsurgency,+1930-1970&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=oeL6v4dXY4&sig=-GC-ig170WhfmMisjaxv1ZStIqE&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=6&ct=result), 2nd Ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999. His discussion of group-level factors is great.

Eric Hoffer (2). Individual-level micro-mobilization factors.

Andrew Molnar, DA Pam 550-104 Human Factors Considerations of Undergrounds in Insurgencies (http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/showthread.php?t=2326), American University, Special OPerations Research Office, 1966. This is an analysis of Vietnam-era communist revolutionary undergrounds.

John Arquilla and David Ronfeldt, Networks and Netwars (http://www.rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/MR1382/index.html), RAND, 2001. Might be too conceptual for your purposes, but it does theorize on how social network warfare is developing.

McAdam, Tarrow, Tilly, Dynamics of Contention (http://books.google.com/books?id=02x7T96LIMcC&dq=dynamics+of+contention&pg=PP1&ots=lhKP1hDPUf&sig=jdpGf7eJMDdPS8WkSU5ixccrbo4&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result), New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Davis, et al, Social Movements and Organization Theory (http://books.google.com/books?id=-uMvewYGd0sC&dq=Social+Movements+and+Organization+Theory&pg=PP1&ots=ShVkRpUueO&sig=5Pgvd7ZpT-_09H9ZCaO1ONspXKM&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result), New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Also, do a Google Scholar search for social movements, framing processes and collective action.

See also this posting (http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/showthread.php?t=6023): "Resource mobilization (McCarthy and Zald 1977), break-down theory (Useem 1998), political process and political opportunities (McAdam, 1982 and 1983; Kurzman 1996), religious economics (Iannaccone, Fink and Stark 1997; Introvigne and Stark 1998), mobilization theories (Hirsch 1990; Snow, Zurcher, Eklund-Olson 1980; Stark and Bainbridge 1980) and theories of cognitive framing processes (Snow, Rochford, Worden and Benford 1986; Snow and Byrd 2000) all play a role in developing something relevant and useful for us. There are tons of other research (Della Porta, Weinstein, and others I can’t think of right now) which would help us in this endeavor."

Good luck

09-23-2008, 04:00 PM