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Thread: Small, Forgotten Small Wars

  1. #21
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    Quote Originally Posted by davidbfpo View Post
    A colonial era COIN war 1952-1960 that the UK would probably prefer to overlook and due to a current legal case has re-appeared. What is astonishing is that the civil disclosure requirements led to the discovery of colonial records "lost" in a store. This short BBC report is summary:http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-13044974

    The use of torture in the 'Emergency' was well known at the time, there was a public airing of one case of abuse and killings at the Hola Camp.

    A "taster" on the 'Emergency':http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mau_Mau_Uprising
    Looks like Cameron will have to issue another apology on behalf of the British people. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012...sation-torture

    I think it'll be his third.

  2. #22
    Council Member davidbfpo's Avatar
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    Default Fighting the Mau Mau: The British Army and Counter-Insurgency in the Kenya Emergency

    The Mau-Mau Emergency in pre-independence Kenya appears on a few threads and has not been forgotten by academics. The journal 'Intelligence and National Security' has a review by Professor Richard English, of St Andrews University, which is complimentary and written in light of the revelations about treatment of civilians - as shown here in a couple of posts.

    The book was published in 2013 and is 'Fighting the Mau Mau: The British Army and Counter-Insurgency in the Kenya Emergency' by Huw Bennett. The publisher's summary:
    British Army counterinsurgency campaigns were supposedly waged within the bounds of international law, overcoming insurgents with the minimum force necessary. This revealing study questions what this meant for the civilian population during the Mau Mau rebellion in Kenya in the 1950s, one of Britain's most violent decolonisation wars. For the first time Huw Bennett examines the conduct of soldiers in detail, uncovering the uneasy relationship between notions of minimum force and the colonial tradition of exemplary force where harsh repression was frequently employed as a valid means of quickly crushing rebellion. Although a range of restrained policies such as special forces methods, restrictive rules of engagement and surrender schemes prevented the campaign from degenerating into genocide, the army simultaneously coerced the population to drop their support for the rebels, imposing collective fines, mass detentions and frequent interrogations, often tolerating rape, indiscriminate killing and torture to terrorise the population into submission.
    Link:http://www.cambridge.org/bo/academic...enya-emergency

    Link to Amazon:http://www.amazon.com/Fighting-Mau-C...ds=huw+bennett
    davidbfpo

  3. #23
    Council Member davidbfpo's Avatar
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    Default The Finnish-Soviet Winter War and today

    Hat tip to WoTR for an excellent article today, combining history and its application today - not just for Finland, the Baltic States come to mind. Added here as there is no thread for the Winter War:http://warontherocks.com/2016/07/les...abian-defense/
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 07-20-2016 at 05:03 PM. Reason: 15,749v
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  4. #24
    Council Member davidbfpo's Avatar
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    A WoTR riposte to the article posted last week; which ends with:
    So yes, this conflict does have some excellent lessons for thinking about future war, but let us not call it was something it was not. Perhaps we could learn from the Finns often-excellent unit cohesion and their ability quickly to adapt on the fly and how that enabled them to resist for far longer than even they had though possible. That really would be worth thinking about.
    Link:http://warontherocks.com/2016/07/the...e-looking-for/
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 07-29-2016 at 01:21 PM. Reason: 16,615v
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  5. #25
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    Default Fighting the Mau Mau: COIN in the Kenya Emergency

    More of an update on this campaign, which rarely gets attention here. There are three previous posts in this thread: 17,21 & 22. Kenya does appear in nine threads in this arena; whereas other campaigns have their own threads sch as Malaya, Palestine, Iraq and Dhofar.

    This linked article reviews recent books on the use of force - away from the frontline; including torture, which has its own thread:http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/...ad.php?t=17110

    It ends with:
    The saga of the Hanslope files provides a suitable shabby and disreputable coda to a brutal counter-insurgency campaign which was surrounded by lies and cover-ups. But the new mythology surrounding them distorts our understanding of the affair as well as misrepresenting the essentially collaborative nature of historical enquiry and wildly exaggerating the degree to which the archives were successfully sanitised.
    Link:https://theconversation.com/it-makes-a-good-story-but-the-cover-up-of-britains-savage-treatment-of-the-mau-mau-was-exaggerated-65583?
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 10-18-2016 at 11:21 AM. Reason: 22,863v
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  6. #26
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    Default Cyprus & Kenya campaigns: book reviews

    The online, free British Journal of Military History has two book reviews in the latest edition:

    1) David French's 'Fighting EOKA: The British Counter-Insurgency Campaign on Cyprus, 1955-1959' and the author concludes:
    In short, this is an authoritative and exhaustive resource for anyone who needs to understand the Cyprus emergency in its domestic and international aspects or is interested in issues surrounding the control of force and reactions to excessive force and losses of control.
    Link:http://bjmh.org.uk/index.php/bjmh/article/view/125/97

    2) Huw Bennett's 'Fighting the Mau Mau, The British Army and Counter-Insurgency in the Kenya Emergency':
    This is a superbly researched book, based a tremendous amount of archival research including the secret Colonial Office archive, which has only just been released to the National Archives in Kew. It is vital reading for anyone seeking to understand the British Army's role in modern counter-insurgency actions, whether in Kenya or in Afghanistan and this book cannot be recommended too highly.
    Link:http://bjmh.org.uk/index.php/bjmh/article/view/128/100
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 11-12-2016 at 10:48 PM. Reason: 25,841v 3k in 3weeks
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  7. #27
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    Default The civil war in Mozambique (1976–92)

    The civil war / insurgency in Mozambique between the FRELIMO government and RENAMO an opposition (originally a spin-off from the Rhodesian War and funded by Rhodesia) rarely gets attention.

    Although the article's title shows the focus, it does provide insight into the war and numerous sources. The title then: 'Auxiliary Armed Forces and Innovations in Security Governance in Mozambique’s Civil War' by a Dutch academic.
    Link, currently free from the journal 'Civil Wars':http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/...9.2017.1412752
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 01-22-2018 at 08:46 AM. Reason: 73,047v
    davidbfpo

  8. #28
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    Default Preble's flag: a reminder about joint action and piracy

    Hat tip to WoTR for this fascinating article on joint action against pirates along the Chinese and Korean coastline, between 1854-1855 when the Royal Navy was distracted by the Crimean War.

    Link:https://warontherocks.com/2018/01/pr...inese-pirates/

    The catalyst for the article is the discovery of a set of captured flags, thought to have been lost for over a hundred years.

    Adam G. may note this as evidence it's not just the UK that loses historical items.
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 01-26-2018 at 04:56 PM. Reason: 73,448v
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  9. #29
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    Default From 2016

    The Cuban Army Abroad – Fidel Castro’s Foreign Cold Warriors
    http://militaryhistorynow.com/2016/0...-foreign-wars/
    A scrimmage in a Border Station
    A canter down some dark defile
    Two thousand pounds of education
    Drops to a ten-rupee jezail


    http://i.imgur.com/IPT1uLH.jpg

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