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Thread: Arctic / Polar matters (merged thread)

  1. #21
    Council Member AdamG's Avatar
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    Russia prepares for ice-cold war with show of military force in the Arctic
    Vladimir Putin sends troops and jets to oil- and gas-rich region also coveted by Canada, United States, Norway and Denmark
    http://www.theguardian.com/world/201...-oil-gas-putin
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  2. #22
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    Russia prepares for ice-cold war with show of military force in the Arctic
    Vladimir Putin sends troops and jets to oil- and gas-rich region also coveted by Canada, United States, Norway and Denmark
    http://www.theguardian.com/world/201...-oil-gas-putin
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  3. #23
    Council Member AdamG's Avatar
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    In addition to the annexation of the tiny Yaya Island located in the desolate Laptev Sea, Russia is reactivating Cold War bases and deploying some 6,000 military personnel along the length of its arctic frontier. Additionally, Moscow has ordered a great increase of its federal border guards presence along its vast northern border.
    http://foxtrotalpha.jalopnik.com/rus...235569/+travis
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  4. #24
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    China is to build its own airfield in Antarctica, media reported Monday, as Beijing continues to expand its footprint in the most remote corners of the globe.

    The airstrip will be built to assist China's four research stations on the frozen continent, the Beijing Evening News said, without giving details such as runway length or capacity.
    http://news.yahoo.com/china-build-an...003402266.html
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  5. #25
    Council Member AdamG's Avatar
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    Not military in nature, but an Indicator that both Poles seem to be in play.

    PERTH Australia - China and Russia have thwarted an international attempt to create the world’s largest ocean sanctuary in Antarctica as both nations eye the region’s rich reserves of fish and krill.

    The Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) wound up a 10-day meeting in Hobart, Australia on Friday without the consensus needed for a deal to conserve and manage the marine ecosystems in the Southern Ocean. While Russia blocked conservation proposals for a fourth consecutive time, China’s refusal to back the international plan came as a surprise to many delegates after previous statements of support for conservation and marine protection.
    http://news.yahoo.com/china-russia-t...162056300.html
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  6. #26
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    Ah…another defacto Russian annexation—this time in the Artic—they had announced this week they had expanded their security zone to 500kms—way way past the international legal norm and way way past the UN stated zones for all five nations involved in the Artic.

    Looks like they are trying to “legalize” their annexation.

    AND the four other nations say not a single word or complain----asleep at the wheel appears to be the Western foreign policy these days in reference to Russian military moves.

    MFA Russia ✔ @mfa_russia
    #Russia submitted revised application to the #UN seeking expansion of its Arctic shelf border http://goo.gl/4S9SJC pic.twitter.com/CiGettjKUO
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 08-04-2015 at 04:59 PM. Reason: Copied from the current Ukraine thread

  7. #27
    Council Member AdamG's Avatar
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    Default Proactive vs Reactive

    Two Russian companies are going to develop a heavy class of drone for monitoring the Arctic shelf, the press service of one of the companies announced at the Russia Arms Expo 2015.
    A new heavy drone weighing 1.5 tons with a flight range of up to 4,000 kilometers (which is enough to fly from the Russian shore to the North pole and back again twice) will be created within the joint project of two Russian engineering companies – the drone developer ‘Tiber’ and RTI Aerospace Systems.
    http://www.rt.com/news/314860-russia...-arctic-drone/



    Russia and China in the Arctic: Is the US Facing an Icebreaker Gap?
    Among other things, Russia will introduce the design for a new super-nuclear icebreaker by the end of 2015.
    http://thediplomat.com/2015/09/russi...cebreaker-gap/

    WASHINGTON -- As China and Russia boost their military presence in the resource-rich far north, U.S. intelligence agencies are scrambling to study potential threats in the Arctic for the first time since the Cold War, a sign of the region's growing strategic importance.

    Over the last 14 months, most of the 16 U.S. intelligence agencies have assigned analysts to work full time on the Arctic. The Office of the Director of National Intelligence recently convened a "strategy board" to bring the analysts together to share their findings.
    https://www.adn.com/article/20150907...rease-presence
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  8. #28
    Council Member AdamG's Avatar
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    MURMANSK, Russia (Reuters) - The nuclear icebreaker Lenin, the pride and joy of the Soviet Union's Arctic great game, lies at perpetual anchor in the frigid water here. A relic of the Cold War, it is now a museum.
    But nearly three decades after the Lenin was taken out of service to be turned into a visitor attraction, Russia is again on the march in the Arctic and building new nuclear icebreakers.
    It is part of a push to firm Moscow's hand in the High North as it vies for dominance with traditional rivals Canada, the United States, and Norway as well as newcomer China.
    https://ca.news.yahoo.com/putins-rus...102944933.html
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  9. #29
    Council Member AdamG's Avatar
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    Fear the Russian Reindeers.

    Russia unveils its new Arctic military base housing nuclear-ready warplanes and REINDEER-powered special forces as it seeks to claim the region's huge oil and gas reserves
    Russia has unveiled five-storey military base on Alexander Land in the Arctic Ocean's Franz Josef Archipelago
    The top-secret polar complex, painted in Russia's red, white and blue, can house warplanes and 150 troops
    Comes as Russia looks to lay claim to region's enormous oil and gas reserves thought to be worth £23trillion
    Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/arti...#ixzz4ehvfQxhA
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  10. #30
    Council Member AdamG's Avatar
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    Default Chessboard at the North Pole

    Interesting article in it's entirety. Seriously, this is actual journalism.
    https://www.cnbc.com/2018/02/06/russ...ol-arctic.html

    Call it a new cold war: Russia, China and the United States all vying for influence and control in a part of the world that, this time, is quite literally cold.

    With more than half of all Arctic coastline along its northern shores, Russia has long sought economic and military dominance in part of the world where as much as $35 trillion worth of untapped oil and natural gas could be lurking. Now China is pushing its way into the Arctic, announcing last month its ambitions to develop a "Polar Silk Road" through the region as warming global temperatures open up new sea lanes and economic opportunities at the top of the world.
    At play is between one-fifth and a quarter of the world's untapped fossil-fuel resources, not to mention a range of mineable minerals, including gold, silver, diamond, copper, titanium, graphite, uranium and other valuable rare earth elements. With the ice in retreat, those resources will come increasingly within reach.
    Motive established. Moving on...

    At a December meeting of climate scientists in New Orleans, a team from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration declared that the Arctic as we've known it is now a thing of the past. Coining a new phrase — the New Arctic — they described the uptick in ocean surface warming and decline in sea ice since 2000 as unprecedented in the past 1,500 years. The Arctic, they wrote, "shows no sign of returning to [the] reliably frozen region of past decades."
    Interesting scientific blog, with historical and update maps. http://neven1.typepad.com/blog/ice-age/

    Russia isn't alone. Finland, the United States and Canada have also proposed significant infrastructure investment within their respective Arctic zones. Norway's state energy company is pursuing exploration activities in the far reaches of the Barents Sea even as its sovereign wealth fund considers divesting from fossil fuels. In January the Trump administration announced plans to open up much of the U.S. outer continental shelf to offshore drilling, including areas off the north shore of Alaska.

    But it's the emergence of China — a nation with no territorial claim to the Arctic — as a rising polar power that has the potential to shake up the competition for resources and influence in the region. With its economic and naval power on the rise, China has begun underwriting Arctic development projects despite its lack of territory there, underscoring the region's growing global importance.
    Posts of relevance
    http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/...d.php?p=204270

    http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/...d.php?p=204819


    More on that fluctuating ice.

    Arctic sea ice extent for December 2017 averaged 11.75 million square kilometers (4.54 million square miles), the second lowest in the 1979 to 2017 satellite record. This was 1.09 million square kilometers (420,900 square miles) below the 1981 to 2010 average and 280,000 square kilometers (108,100 square miles) above the record low December extent recorded in 2016. Extent at the end of the month was below average in the far northern Atlantic Ocean and Barents Sea, slightly above average in western Hudson Bay, and continued to be below average in the Bering and Chukchi Seas. Near-average conditions prevailed along the eastern coast of Greenland and in the Sea of Okhotsk.
    More maps and data here
    http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 02-27-2018 at 02:24 PM. Reason: Edit old link removed
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  11. #31
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    From a German site -

    The 2017 sea ice minimum extent was reached on 2017-09-05. Sea ice extent is now increasing again.
    https://seaice.uni-bremen.de/arctic-sea-ice-minima/

    As a reference point, the USN plan from 2014.
    USN Arctic Roadmap 2014-2030
    http://greenfleet.dodlive.mil/files/...admap-2014.pdf

    Scientific America weighing in on the above
    The document said the Bering Strait was expected to see open conditions about 160 days a year by 2020, with the deep ocean routes of the Transpolar transit route forecast to be open for up to 45 days annually by 2025.
    The document includes dozens of specific tasks and deadlines for Navy offices, including calling for better research on rising sea levels and the ability to predict sea ice thickness, assessment of satellite communications and surveillance needs, and evaluation of existing ports, airfields and hangars.
    https://www.scientificamerican.com/a...tic-from-2025/

    Hyperlink & summary.
    Rear Adm. Stuart Munsch, Assistant Deputy Chief of Naval Operations, Operations, Plans and Strategy (N3/N5B), delivered the following remarks during the 7th Symposium on the Impacts of an Ice-diminishing Arctic on Naval and Maritime Operations at the Naval Heritage Center in Washington, D.C., July 18 [2017]
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  12. #32
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    Default *Indicator*

    US military officials and policymakers are devoting increased attention to the potential for conflict with a near-peer competitor, and they've pursued a number of operational and equipment changes to prepare for it.
    Among the latest moves is the roll out of more cold-weather gear among the US Army and Marine Corps, underscoring the military's growing concern about its ability to operate in extreme environments outside the Middle East.
    For the last several years, the Army has been looking to update its gear for extreme environments, mainly jungles and the harsh cold. Included in that search was a new cold-weather boot and a cold-weather clothing system that could be adjusted for various temperatures.
    https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/th...cid=spartandhp
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  13. #33
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    The sun won’t rise at the North Pole until March 20, and it’s normally close to the coldest time of year, but an extraordinary and possibly historic thaw swelled over the tip of the planet this weekend. Analyses show that the temperature warmed to the melting point as an enormous storm pumped an intense pulse of heat through the Greenland Sea.
    https://www.msn.com/en-us/weather/to...cid=spartandhp

    From the previously mentioned blogsite -
    This probably has a lot to do with the splitting of the Polar Vortex due to a sudden stratospheric warming event a while back. I'm grateful for a bit of winter, finally, in my neck of the European woods, but not too happy about the consequences for the Arctic. The cause of all this heat and ice being pushed away from the northern coast of Greenland is an atmospheric set-up that during summer we'd be referring to as a Reverse Dipole (low pressure over the Canadian side of the Arctic, high pressure over the Siberian side).
    http://neven1.typepad.com/blog/2018/02/index.html
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  14. #34
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    Default Moderator at work

    I merged Adam G's latest post, renamed the thread and copied in a number of posts readily i'd as referring to Arctic / Polar matters.

    There are a number of posts on another thread which may have more information 'Watching Russian Air & Sea Activity':http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/...ad.php?t=18956
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 02-27-2018 at 02:28 PM. Reason: 23,398v
    davidbfpo

  15. #35
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    He said Russia had been re-opening Soviet bases not used in years, and an increased submarine activity in the area meant that Britain had to protect its own interests. Ministers are worried that as the Arctic ice melts, Russia's President Putin will try to grab land and intensify its activity there. Climate change has also sparked a rush to tap into oil reserves there.
    https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/738161...lliamson-says/
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  16. #36
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    The Russian military will test its new third-generation T-14 Armata main battle tank (MBT) in adverse climatic conditions including the Arctic, Deputy Russian Ground Forces Commander for Armaments Lieutenant General Viktor Lizvinsky told journalists in late August.
    https://thediplomat.com/2018/09/russ...ank-in-arctic/
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  17. #37
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    RUSSIA’s state-owned nuclear corporation Rosatom plans take control of the Northern Sea Route (NSR) in the Arctic Ocean using a fleet of modern icebreakers to guarantee year-round shipping across the key trade artery. Moscow believes opening up the route permanently would half sailing times between Europe and Asia and but the waterway could become a political flashpoint with other global shipping companies vying for position in the icy northern region as shipping on the NSR continues to boom. More than 10 million tons of goods were shipped on the route in 2017 and figures for this year indicate a year-on-year increase of as much as 80 percent.
    Mr Kulinko [Rosatom's head of the NSR development department] said Russia would be operating 11 nuclear-powered icebreakers by 2035.

    He told a conference in St Petersburg: "We expect that the Arctic icebreaker fleet will include five multirole nuclear-power icebreakers with a rated capacity of 60 megawatt each, three Leader-class icebreakers, four gas-motor fuel icebreakers with a rated capacity of up to 40 megawatt, plus the 50 Let Pobedy icebreaker, which will reached the end of its service life by 2039.
    https://www.express.co.uk/news/world...ed-icebreakers

    Two new plot twists.

    ST. PETERSBURG, December 12. /TASS/. A solemn ceremony was held at the Almaz Shipyard in St. Petersburg to lay down the Project 21180M icebreaker Yevpatiy Kolovrat for the Russian Navy, TASS reports from the scene.
    After the icebreaker is delivered to the Navy, it will operate in the Russian Far East, Yepifanov said. "Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky will be its home port."

    Project 21180
    Project 21180 vessels are Russian-made next-generation diesel-electric icebreakers of the support fleet. The Yevpatiy Kolovrat developed by the Nizhny Novgorod-based Vympel Design Bureau will be 82 meters long, 19 meters wide and will have a draft of 4.6 meters. The icebreaker will be able to develop a maximum speed of 14 knots and displace 4,080 tonnes of water. The vessel will have a crew of 28.

    The icebreaker is designed to lead Russian naval ships and vessels, and also tow and deliver cargoes to remote bases, render assistance to ships in distress in ice conditions. It will be capable of breaking an ice field of 1 meter thick at a speed of two knots. The icebreaker will have an operating range of 7,600 miles.

    The Yevpatiy Kolovrat is being built under the modernized ‘lightened’ Project 21180M. It is distinguished by the reduced size of the hull and the small draft. This series of icebreakers will get the most advanced Zaliv-LK-21180 automated control system.

    http://tass.com/economy/1035715

    The large amphibious assault ship Pyotr Morgunov was laid down at the Yantar Shipyard on the Baltic coast on June 11, 2015 and floated out on May 25 this year. By the Navy’s decision, this series will consist of only two warships: the lead ship Ivan Gren, which has been under construction for over 20 years due to the Project’s numerous adjustments and the first serial-produced (the second-built) large amphibious assault ship Pyotr Morgunov.

    Project 11711 warships displace about 6,000 tonnes and are the largest surface combatants built to date. The previous Project 1171 ‘Tapir’ large amphibious assault ship displaces 4,300 tonnes and the most numerous ships of this class in the Russian Navy (Project 775) have a displacement of 4,400 tonnes.
    http://tass.com/defense/1032678
    Last edited by AdamG; 12-14-2018 at 01:45 PM.
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  18. #38
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    Alibi post

    The Arctic is the first vessel in the series of three Project 22220 LK-60 Nuclear Icebreakers being built for Atomflot by Baltic Shipyard Shipbuilding. It is touted to become the world’s biggest and the most powerful icebreaker.

    The vessel was designed by the Iceberg Central Design Bureau in 2009. The steel-cutting ceremony for the vessel was held in November 2012 and keel was laid in November 2013. The vessel is expected to be launched in November 2015 and delivery is scheduled for late 2017.

    It will serve as a pilot project for the remaining two vessels, which will be constructed based on the results of the Arctic’s performance. The other two vessels will also be constructed by the same contractor, Baltic Shipyard Shipbuilding.
    https://www.ship-technology.com/proj...ar-icebreaker/


    When ready for sailing in 2019, the vessel type LK-60 (project 22220) will be able to break through three meter thick ice.
    The LK-60 icebreakers will be 173 meters long and 34 meters wide. It will be based in Murmansk as part of the state-owned Rosatomflot fleet of nuclear icebreakers. Russia intends to build at least two vessels of the class, the first to be ready by the end of 2019, the second by the end of 2020.
    https://thebarentsobserver.com/ru/node/164


    Russia launched the world's biggest, most powerful icebreaker on Thursday in St. Petersburg. The Arktika is 568 feet long and powered by two nuclear reactors. It can break through ice 13 feet deep, NPR's Mary Louise Kelly reports. The ship set forth early, ahead of its planned 2017 launch, according to Sputnik News and the shipyard where the Arktika was built.
    https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-...ful-icebreaker
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  19. #39
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    2018-11-27 18:00:11

    On Tuesday, a fire broke out aboard the new diesel-electric icebreaker Viktor Chernomyrdin, which is nearing completion at St. Petersburg's Admiralty Shipyard. Two individuals were injured in the incident, including one who was hospitalized.

    According to state media, the fire broke out at about 1900 hours Tuesday evening. A massive response effort involving 140 personnel and 39 firefighting vehicles brought it under control by 2100 hours, and responders fully extinguished it by 2215.

    The blaze affected the vessel's third and fourth deck levels, and it burned about 3,200 square feet of the vessel's interior space, according to TASS. The fire reportedly affected compartments containing electrical equipment and wiring, among other areas
    The Viktor Chernomyrdin was nearing completion at the time of the fire, and she was due to enter service by the end of this year. At 22,000 tonnes, she will be the largest diesel-electric icebreaker in the world, though less powerful than several Russian and American vessels of the same class. She is designed to make two knots through seven feet of ice, both ahead and astern.

    The Chernomyrdin's construction has already been set back by three years due to a combination of internal and external factors, including Western sanctions, currency devaluation and design errors. In late 2013, one year after her keel was laid, engineers discovered that she would be 2,500 tons overweight due to a mistake in drafting. Admiralty Shipyard, a St. Petersburg yard that normally specializes in submarines, took over her construction last year.
    https://www.maritime-executive.com/a...-st-petersburg
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  20. #40
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    Planet Earth is alive. Deep beneath its skin, its life blood — rivers of molten iron — pulse around its core. And this mobile iron is what generates the magnetic field that causes auroras — and keeps us alive. But, according to the science journal Nature, something strange is going on deep down below. It’s causing the magnetic North Pole to ‘skitter’ away from Canada, towards Siberia.

    “The magnetic pole is moving so quickly that it has forced the world’s geomagnetism experts into a rare move,” Nature reports.
    https://www.news.com.au/technology/s...38836c6097be9d

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