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Thread: Sudan Watch (to July 2012)

  1. #101
    Council Member davidbfpo's Avatar
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    Default Moderator's Note

    Moderators Note: This thread is a catch all thread for posts on the Sudan, except the current (Jan '10) thread on 'South Sudan - stabilisation' and contains a variety of subjects.

    The South Sudan thread is: http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/...ead.php?t=8460
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 02-01-2010 at 09:04 PM. Reason: Add link
    davidbfpo

  2. #102
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    Default A blogsite watching Darfur

    Just found this blogsite:http://robcrilly.wordpress.com/ by a UK journalist Rob Crilly and praised by a BBC journalist:
    The crisis in Darfur is complex, multi-layered and has its roots deep in history. It is not, as it is often portrayed, a straightforward issue of good versus bad. Rob Crilly has spent more time than any other journalist I know travelling in and out of the region to piece together his analysis; his vast experience informs this book and lifts it head and shoulders above other attempts to explain what has plunged Darfur into disaster.
    Mr Crilly has a new book out: http://www.reportagepress.co.uk/books-name.php?book=44 and this is a synopsis:
    Africa is a continent riddled with conflict. Most are forgotten wars that rumble away unnoticed for years. Darfur is different. For five years an unlikely coalition of the religious right, the liberal left and a smattering of celebrities have kept Darfur's bloody conflict in the headlines. Rob Crilly, East Africa correspondent of The Times, arrived in Sudan in 2005 to find out what made Darfur special. He found a conflict very different to the one popularised by the Save Darfur movement. This was no simple genocide being carried out by Arabs on black, African tribes. Along the way he rides with rebels on donkeys, gets caught in a Janjaweed attack and learns lessons from Osama bin Laden's horse.
    davidbfpo

  3. #103
    Council Member M-A Lagrange's Avatar
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    Default The road to peace?

    Sudan and JEM rebels agree to sign a final deal for peace in Darfur

    http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article34230

    And when a brand new beautiful world is blowing then comes the rain…

    Darfur rebel factions unite under new umbrella in Doha
    February 23, 2010 (KHARTOUM) – Ten Darfur rebel groups currently in the Arab Gulf state of Qatar announced today that they have joined together under a new umbrella called ‘The Liberation Movement for Justice’ removing one of the major obstacles that faced the mediators in Doha as they attempted to jumpstart peace talks with the Sudanese government to resolve the seven year conflict.

    However, four other groups refused to join the new umbrella including SLM faction of Ahmed Abdel-Shafi, SLM-Unity, Revolutionary Forces Front, SLM faction led by Abdullah Khalil. These movements comprise mainly of Addis Ababa factions brought together by US special envoy to Sudan Scott Gration.
    Mahjoub Hussein who is the Secretary General of ‘The Liberation Movement for Justice’ said during a press conference that they will not be a party to the JEM-Khartoum accord signed today and that they will sign their own framework agreement in the coming days.
    http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article34232

    We will se how far can Qatar facilitate that second peace agreement.
    There still are 6 movements out of the peace process (peace process number ???).

    However, Khartoum really seems in hurry to get his house clean before the elections, the 2011 referendum and the war that will follow (according to SPLM/SPLA). Especially as this time SPLA has decided to put war in the north.
    Somehow, they looks like 2 children: you put may “country” at war then I will spoil yours now…
    And we do call that peace process?

  4. #104
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    Default uncertain peace in Darfur after Doha agreement

    Some interesting news about Darfur and he race for peace before the Sudan elections:
    (unfortunately in French as I did not find any link in English but I translated the key points)

    Force mixte Tchad-Soudan, un support inlassable pour le retour de la paix au Tchad et Soudan
    http://www.alwihdainfo.com/Force-mix...a3068.html?com

    A mix force Chad Sudan is being created to secure the border and settle the peace between the 2 countries. This force will be 3000 men strong. As stated in the article, it’s not a first try, it’s the redrafting of what was agreed in 2006/7.
    I must say that I do agree with the comment left on that page: I have very little confidence this will work. But… I like to be positively surprised.

    Still on Darfur Doha peace agreement progress: prisoner exchanges have started.

    Soudan : Le chef des rebelles darfouris du JEM ordonne la libération de 50 prisonniers du gouvernement
    http://www.elmoudjahid.com/accueil/monde/52887.html

    Khartoum did free 57 men, including 50 war prisonners from the attack on Omdurman who were condemn to death penalty.
    On its side, JEM free 50 prisonners. As usual, ICRC is facilitating and providing support.
    Apparently, for once, this peace agreement is being put in place.

    But peace in Darfur is not really for tomorrow:
    Since two days, Khartoum forces are conducting an extremely violent attack in Darfur on the non signatory rebel group SLA.
    http://fr.news.yahoo.com/3/20100226/...s-d407853.html

    The UN Special Envoy will meet in Kigali next Friday to discuss Darfur peace. The delegation will be conducted by Ibrahim Gambari, Chiefof joint mission ONU?UA in Darfur (MINUAD).
    http://www.afriquejet.com/actualites...022644852.html
    See also the MINUAD site for the original declaration.

  5. #105
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    Sudan dismisses US Rice’s remarks on arms embargo violation
    The Sudanese government discounted statements made by US ambassador to the UN Susan Rice saying that she is isolated in her positions within the UN Security Council (UNSC).
    On Thursday Rice said there is a continuous pattern of weapons flowing to Darfur, acts of sexual and gender-based violence committed with impunity, military over-flights and offensive actions.
    She further said that “this behavior does not suggest a new willingness on the part of Sudan to fully engage in the peace process”.
    The spokesman of the Sudanese Foreign Ministry, Muawiya Osman Khalid, said that Rice is at odds with “objective parties at the US administration itself that are concerned with supporting the ongoing process Darfur and solving the root causes of the issue”.
    He added that the “personal hostility of Rice to Sudan prevented her to recognize that the issue of arms in Darfur cannot be solved through sanctions committees, but through a comprehensive peace agreement that can be reached by the ongoing peace process in Doha”.
    Khalid accused Rice of forcing Sudan into the UNSC agenda “so that she can bash Sudan” adding that her “deceptive statements” confirms her continuous hostility to Sudan government.
    “Rice is a short-sighted personality whose artificial concern with Darfur did not motivate her to appreciate the so far adopted peace steps or the framework agreement signed with the Justice and Equality Movement that was welcomed by the whole world”.
    http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article34345

  6. #106
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    Mbeki’s panel flirting with failure in Sudan
    The former South African president and head of the AU High Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) Thabo Mbeki sent a letter to leaders of Sudanese parties this week informing them of an indefinite adjournment of a summit that was to bring them together to discuss a number of thorny issues primarily related to the upcoming elections in April.
    "The panel had twice to postpone the meeting at the request of some of the parties. This is because these parties wanted that various issues should be resolved before the meeting convened...the panel respected this request and convened a number of meetings with the parties concerned to enable them to resolve the matters they have raised" Mbeki said in a copy of the letter seen by Sudan Tribune dated March 8.
    "Regrettably, in the end, all the numerous efforts of the panel to facilitate a resolution of these and other matters failed. It is therefore became obvious that in the light of this negative development it would not be possible for the summit meeting to achieve what the panel had considered would be its historic result, namely the adoption of the Electoral Code of Conduct and the Declaration of Common Commitments".
    The downbeat-toned letter said that convening the summit under these circumstances "would only serve further to foul the atmosphere in the country by exacerbating the divisions among the Sudanese political leadership".
    Mbeki said his panel "gained a deeper understanding of the prevalent and most unfortunate mistrust which has so far made it impossible to organize an open and frank encounter among all Sudan’s political leaders to discuss all major national challenges, which we are certain all these leaders desire".
    http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article34424


    On the East front, the situation is not better, According to Angolapress (French version in link) despite the 2006 peace agreement and 600 millions of aid the economical situation is still very bad. What mainly pushed South and Darfur to war (poverty, non access to power…) are re surfacing again.
    Will East be the new double front?
    http://www.portalangop.co.ao/motix/f...39663e665.html


    The border is not set and it does create problems. Last week the SPLA have announced that nomads from North did attack a SPLA out post in the border area.
    (again, French link below)
    http://lci.tf1.fr/filnews/monde/accr...s-5770152.html

  7. #107
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    And the UN say thank you to everybody to have done the job for them...

    May I also recognize and strongly commend the State of Qatar for the tremendous investment of resources in facilitating this process and for its willingness to commit even more resources for the development of Darfur. My brother, Minister Mahmoud, deserves no less commendation for his personal commitment and diligence in supporting and facilitating the peace process in both the logistics and the substantive aspects. The Government of Libya and Mr. Scott Gration also deserve commendation for their efforts in bringing together the groups in the LJM.
    I would not end my remarks without acknowledging the critical role which President Deby and the Government of Chad has been, and continues to play, in advancing the peace process, and in particular to commend and appreciate the personal commitment of Minister Mahamat Faki in this regard.
    http://appablog.wordpress.com/2010/0...tice-movement/

    Ibrahim Gambari, the Joint Special Representative of the African Union-United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), said it was critical now for Khartoum and the Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM), which signed the framework agreement today, to implement its contents.
    http://allafrica.com/stories/201003180930.html

    I do agree with him. What is important in peace agreements is the implementation more than the piece of paper. May be UN staff should include them selves into such declarations. Like when I deploy a force to impose peace: I use soldiers….

  8. #108
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    Default 3 aid workers taken hostage: 2 sudaneses and 1 US citizen

    Armed men kidnap three aid workers in South Darfur

    May 18, 2010 (KHARTOUM) – Three aid workers including a woman form the United State have been abducted today in South Darfur state by unknown gunmen on Tuesday, a UN official stated.

    A United Nations press officer in Khartoum, Samuel Hendricks, said the incident occurred when the kidnappers stopped a two-vehicle convoy transporting nine aid workers in a village near Nyala.

    "It happened near a village called Abu Ajura in South Darfur as the convoy was heading to Nyala. Three of the people were captured. The remaining six are in Abu Ajura and are believed to be secure," Hendricks said in a statement to the AFP.

    South Darfur authorities and US embassy in Khartoum confirmed the kidnapping whoever the identity of the American female and the name of the aid group remain undisclosed. But a South Darfur state minister, Abdel Baqi al-Jilani, spoke about an American organization.

    Abduction of international staffers becomes more and more recurrent in Darfur. but the motivations differ from a group to another.

    Abdel Baqi said the abduction could be financially motivated

    "From our experience, we expect that a ransom will be demanded. We had asked aid groups working in Darfur to decrease foreigners’ movements there," the state minister said.
    Onemore time Aid workers are taken hostage!
    After France being tagetted, it is USA.
    All my support to them, where ever they are.

    For all the soft rebel with a cause: keep on fighting

  9. #109
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    Sudan locates kidnappers of three aid worker

    May 26, 2010 (KHARTOUM) – Security services have located the position of three aid workers kidnapped by unknown gunmen last week, a Sudanese official said on Tuesday.
    The three aid workers including an American woman were abducted on 18 May while travelling to the South Darfur capital, Nyala in a two vehicle convoy.
    "We succeeded in locating them and we will negotiate their release using local mediators," said state minister for humanitarian affairs Abdel Baqi Al-Jilani
    "But we will refuse to pay a ransom and we reserve the right to bring them to justice," he further said.
    Abduction of international staffers becomes more and more recurrent in Darfur. but the motivations differ from a group to another.
    Abdel Baqi last week said the abduction could be financially motivated.
    "From our experience, we expect that a ransom will be demanded. We had asked aid groups working in Darfur to decrease foreigners’ movements there," he said.
    http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article35198


    Free them NOW!

    For all the soft rebels with a cause: keep on fighting!

  10. #110
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    From OCHA in Darfour, some precisions on what happened:
    On 18 May around 5:30 p.m., two vehicles of the INGO Samaritan’s Purse were hijacked about 10 km west of Abu Ajura, South Darfur, by eight armed men wearing military uniforms. Two male nationals and one female international were abducted; six national staff members were left behind. A recent media report that the national staff had been freed could not be corroborated and appears to be unfounded.
    I personnaly do not like so much Samaritan's Purse as an organisation. But in such case it just doesn't count.

    For all the soft rebels with a cause: keep on fighting!

  11. #111
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    On 25 May, two Sudanese staff members of INGO Samaritan’s Purse abducted on 18 May were released near Thur (Kass locality). One female international staff member remains in captivity.
    From OCHA

    For all the soft rebels with a cause: keep on fighting!

  12. #112
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    Default The war behind search for justice

    Shawshank Redemption-style prison breakout in Sudan raises eyebrows
    The four men who were convicted and sentenced to death for killing a USAID employee two years ago in the Sudanese capital escaped from the notorious Kober prison through a sewage pipe, the country’s police chief said on Friday.
    A Sudanese journalist who spoke on condition of anonymity from Khartoum told Sudan Tribune that "no one in the entire country believes what the police said about how they escaped".
    "They [fugitives] could not have done it without some sort of facilitation from the government. No one has ever managed to do it before. It appears that they have some sort of link with officials inside the government who made this possible. I would not be surprised if the government was actually behind killing Granville in the first place for political reasons".
    Granville was killed one day after former U.S. President George W. Bush signed a law encouraging divestment from companies which do business in Sudan in an effort to up economic pressure on Khartoum over Darfur.
    http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article35364

    Sudan says ICC prosecutor top impediment to peace
    The Sudanese ambassador to the United Nations Abdel-Mahmood Abdel-Haleem lashed out the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) Luis Moreno-Ocampo accusing him of becoming an impediment of peace in his country.
    http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article35363

    This happened the very same day: June 12…

    Since May 18 one femal international aid worfer of USA nationality is hold hostage…

    For all the soft rebels with a cause: keep on fighting!

  13. #113
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    An interresting document from Amnesty International on the Human Rights violation by National Intelligence and security services in Northern Sudan.

    http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/in...54/016/2010/en

  14. #114
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    The situation for the US femal citizen taken hostage in Darfour is getting worst and worst according to her. (AFP news)
    According to last communication from the Samaritam Purse worker, she has no access to safe drinking water and she is alone with approximately 20 armed men.

    What is interesting is that the chief of the group who took her hostage used the name of Abou Mohammed al-Rizeigui.
    This name has been used several times by various armed groups who took hostages in Darfour. The name was used by the armed groups who took hostage 2 French aid workers from the NGO Aide Medical International (AMI) in Darfour and 2 aid workers from the French NGO Triangle GH in entral African republic, close to Sudan border.

    According to several observers, the hostage takers are part of “arab” groups who previously fought for Khartoum in Darfour.

    This could be the next step of Darfur and next insurgency there. While Khartoum is “trying” to make peace with rebel groups (except JEM), come the problems of the former Janjarweed. What will Khartoum do with those fighters they have armed and trained?
    Khartoum may qualify them as bandits but this addresses a much wider issue: what to do with tribes ones a government has armed them and has no more use for them?

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    Default Problem is, the janjaweed are not excluded.

    Bashir is merely enlisting them into the army, hence making them immune to persecution.

    http://iwpr.net/report-news/concern-over-janjaweed-%E2%80%9Cimmunity%E2%80%9D

  16. #116
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    Default Strategic change in Darfur

    As USA friends in Africa increase their pressure for Africa leaders to respect their commitment to Rule of Law and Justice, North Sudan regime is changing his strategy.
    Kidnapping US and non UN citizen NGO workers do not seems to be working so Khartoum decided to expel several UN and ICRC heads of agencies.
    Yes they did go further than what Khartoum did expect. Actually they did their job to protect civilians and allow them to suffer from war with dignity and access food, water, shelter, education…

    Darfur kidnappers file demands to release Jordan’s peacekeepers
    The kidnappers of the two peacekeepers who were abducted on Saturday have submitted their ransom demands to the African Union - United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), said a report published by a Jordanian daily newspaper.
    In it’s Monday edition the Amman based daily, Addastour, reported that a Jordanian security source had told them that the abductors have asked the UNAMID to implement a number of demands before the two Jordanian police advisers are released
    http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article35967

    Sudan expels five aid workers from west Darfur
    August 16, 2010 (KHARTOUM) – Sudan on Sunday, August 15, ordered five foreign aid workers to leave West Darfur State, only one week after president Al-Bashir publicly mandated Darfur governors to expel foreigners who "exceed their work agreements".
    A UN official told Reuters yesterday that the Sudanese authorities had asked three UN staff members and two of ICRC to leave western Darfur.
    "The heads of the UNHCR [U.N. refugee agency] and FAO [UN Food and Agriculture agency] in West Darfur as well as the head of UNHCR agency in Zalengei have been asked to leave," said Abdallah al-Fadil, the head of UNAMID in west Darfur.
    He added to Reuters that the government also informed him “that it had asked both the ICRC’s heads of delegation in Al-Geneina and Zalengei [town] to leave too."
    http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article35973

    Botswana says Bashir still vulnerable for arrest on its territory despite AU resolution
    Botswana has maintained a position supportive of the ICC and rejecting continent-wide condemnation of the warrant saying it will honour its obligations as a signatory of the Rome Statute which is the founding text of the court.
    “We have not surrendered the sovereignty of this country to the AU” Botswana Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister Phandu Skelemani told reporters adding that Botswana signed the Rome Statute as a sovereign country.
    “The International Criminal Court (ICC) Rome Statute is signed by a Country not AU. Botswana does not fear being isolated by other African countries since they [Botswana] are implementing the international protocols they have signed,” Skelemani added.
    “That decision by the AU was a consensus. It was not a unanimous decision. Other countries do not even want the issue to go to a vote,” said the minister.
    Botswana Vice president Mompati Merafhe reportedly addressed AU leaders at the summit held in Kampala saying that his country "cannot associate herself with any decision which calls upon her to disregard her obligations to the International Criminal Court".
    South Africa has also declared that it will not abide by the AU resolution on cooperating with the ICC.
    http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article35980

    As it is mentioned in one of article, a civilian aid worker from Samaritan Purse is still kept hostage.

    For all the soft rebels with a cause: keep on fighting!

  17. #117
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    Default During that time, in Darfur...

    Sudan says military rescue operation freed Jordanian peacekeepers in Darfur
    Captain Khalid al-Sawarmi, the spokesman for the Sudanese Armed Forces, told AFP that the army had launched an operation and rescued the two officers after their abductors fled the scene.
    "We dispatched a unit that stormed the area and they fled at our approach, leaving them (the Jordanians) behind," Al-Sawarmi said, adding that "they were bound and handcuffed". Al-Sawarmi said that the army continues to sweep the area for the kidnappers.
    http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article35984

    Abducted Jordanian Peacekeepers Released
    South Darfur government managed to release the two UNAMID Jordanian peacekeepers who were kidnapped last Saturday. Foreign Ministry Spokesperson, Muawaia Osman Khalid:

    Said that the concerned Sudanese authorities managed to safeguard the release of the two UNAMID Jordanian Officers in a relative quick operation as the kidnapping lasted only for few days, pointing out to the efforts exerted by the local administrations and the leaders.
    The release was safely and the abductees were returned to the base in Nyala. No ransom was paid or any military operation and that represents an achievement to the Sudanese concerned authorities.
    As for the American hostage the efforts are underway to release her
    On his part the Jordanian State Minister for Information Affairs, Ali Al-Abid announced the release of the two officers affirming that Nabeel Kailani and Ahmed AlGaisi who hold the rank 1st Lt. are now with the Jordanian mission in good health.
    http://www.sudanvisiondaily.com/modu...icle&sid=59957

    You trust who you want… One is SUNA, the other a nearly independent news paper from South.

    But result is the same. Especially as Scott Gration had a meeting with Khartoum authorities the following day.
    Gazi Meets Gration over the New Darfur Strategy

    Sudanese government expressed readiness to accept any international participation that serves the nation’s interests.
    Presidential Assistant, Darfur File Official, Dr. Ghazi Salah Addeen told journalists, after his meeting with the US Envoy General Scott Gration, that the meeting discussed the situations in Darfur and the south Sudan Referendum in concentration on the new government strategy.

    He added that the US Administration has some remarks on the strategy especially the development and humanitarian work in Darfur, adding that they agreed to continue the discussion with all the parties in the coming two weeks to mobilize the support from the international community.

    Ghazi said that they affirmed to the US Envoy that the referendum will be conducted as scheduled if the political will is available.

    He confirmed that the new strategy insisted that Doha forum is the only platform to reach a political settlement in Darfur.
    http://www.sudanvisiondaily.com/modu...icle&sid=60015

    Khartoum who still keeps his levier: a US citizen hostage of “unknown and uncontrolled” Janjarweed…

    For all the soft rebals with a cause: keep on fighting!

  18. #118
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    China threatens to block UN report on Sudan: report
    "These were very concrete allegations against the Chinese," said a UN-based diplomat familiar with the issue. "The Chinese don’t want the report to be published."
    The UNSC resolution 1591 adopted on March 29, 2005 placed an embargo on the supply of arms to all parties to the conflict in Darfur.
    "China has serious concerns about the annual report submitted by the panel of experts on the Sudan sanctions committee and believes that there is much room for improvement in the work of the panel," a Chinese official told the Security Council, to justify the abstention.
    "We urge the panel of experts to conduct their work under the principles of objectivity and responsibility," the official added, without giving any details.
    http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article36632

  19. #119
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    Default Nation Building, Sudan.

    When a country has been hit by disaster or (civil) war usually also the governmental institutions suffer. Sometimes the whole governmental system has to be building up again. In such an environment there are opportunities for coaching.

    Also the international community can create a comprehensive approach by the use of a coach. It would be beneficial for a country, if the UN / EU would deploy civil servants from crucial workplaces and from several levels, of "our" own governmental management into war thorn countries, to work as a coach for their fellow civil servants.
    This would be a kind of a left-seat / right-seat activity in which they guide their colleagues through governmental processes and procedures.
    Another basic element to build a healthy nation is a general mental health.
    Have a look at Sudan and be aware that the same is the case for other war-thorn countries or countries that suffered severe disasters.

    Nearly all programs of nearly every organization that wants to bring prosperity
    completely lack a comprehensive psychological-social approach towards the population.
    Until now there is no awareness, recognition nor acknowledgement that Sudan exists of a traumatized population, possibly the sole item that the Sudanese population share mutually. Because of this the population hinders their own progress.

    Within the Sudanese population, and possibly more in the South, there is an experience of being a perpetrator, victim or spectator (sometimes these three elements are united in one person).
    It would be wise to integrate a psychological-social care program within Nation Building processes.

    A proper psychological-social trauma care program works to overcome and prevent traumatic stress and its consequences within the individual as well as the community, safeguarding the rights and dignity of people affected by violence and conflict.
    Such a trauma care program aims to strengthen local resources for the development of peaceful, human rights-based, societal ways of living.
    Furthermore it would be beneficial for the country, in this case the Government of South-Sudan (GoSS), if the UN / EU would deploy civil servants from crucial workplaces and from several levels of "our" own governmental management into South Sudan, to work as a coach for their fellow civil servants at ALL levels.

    A kind of a left-seat / right-seat activity in which they guide their (former military) colleagues through governmental processes and procedures.

    This is very important as part of the Influence Campaign Plan. It is in fact crucial to create a healthy Pol/Econ environment for proper nation building.
    So, if the “troop contributing” countries feel so committed to the prosperity of a country, than one of the most important “condition shapers” are "our own” governmental civil servants.

    This, in a concerted approach with “security providers” like “own military and police”, is important to reach a desired end state.
    It´s important to note that “own military and police” has to cooperate closely with “local military and police”, bearing in mind that Nation building is not an exclusive “military/police party”.
    More important is the input of "our own” governmental civil servants who cooperate closely with the local civil servants at ALL levels.

    Cross training, cross learning, cross teaching ... without trying to copy “our” democratic values into a country that is founded on quite another culture.

    www.linkedin.com
    www.scribd.com/amniat
    Last edited by RobSentse; 01-01-2011 at 06:32 PM.

  20. #120
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    Ok I did not fill the theat with all the Doha discussions and the fightings that came after. But as South is separating, Darfur is moving. And not necesseraly in a parallele direction. Despite what some darfur armed movements would like.

    Darfur JEM says government forces captured some of its officials

    The Darfur Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) said that government troops ambushed its forces and managed to take into custody a number of its senior officials.
    "Three days ago, a mobile administrative unit belong to JEM was touring the villages of Abu Jurouj, Bir Saliba and Garji Garji in west Darfur, close to El Geniena city. The unit was ambushed by a government force and its associated militia" said a statement by the rebel movement and signed by its military spokesperson.
    http://www.sudantribune.com/Darfur-J...t-forces,37642

    Darfur and more especially the capacity of the North (And the South) to avoid degradation of the situation and capacity to enforce Doha Agreement will be the next Sudan frontier. South separation process is on the way and the main problem will tio manage to keep it viable while for Khartoum the main problem now is to avoid total implosion of its territory.
    And it’s not done yet:

    SLM rebels reject internal plans for peace in Darfur declare their support to Bassole’s efforts
    However, "we are opposed to plans that the head of the African Panel Thabo Mbeki intends to implement in Darfur," he further said.
    The rebel spokesperson emphasized that the approach of the former South African President of dialogue among Darfurians cannot be implemented in a situation dominated by injustice and violence against civilian.
    "We should remember that Mbeki was ineffective and had done nothing to restore peace and democracy to Zimbabwe and other countries where he tried to sell his idea about reconciliation," he said.
    http://www.sudantribune.com/SLM-rebe...al-plans,37639

    Further than the peace speech which is actually meaningless, this statement is interesting as it real addresses the question of South Africa Leadership in the continent. Like it or not the Nbeki quiet diplomacy does not work but more important, it is perceived as ineffective. Are we witnessing the drawing of the limit of South Africa influence area on the continent?

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