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  1. #1
    Small Wars Journal SWJED's Avatar
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    Default Balkan watching (catch all)

    17 Nov. Reuters report - Bosnia Looks Beyond Dayton a Decade after War.

    Ten years after the ceasefire in Bosnia, the Dayton peace treaty that stopped Europe's worst conflict since World War Two is in need of a serious overhaul.

    ... as one of Europe's poorest nations prepares to embark on the long road to membership in the wealthy European Union, it faces stern warnings that ethnic divisions still enshrined in its governing structures could greatly delay its progress.

    The watchword in no longer stabilization but transition, Bosnia's powerful peace overseer, British diplomat Paddy Ashdown, told a conference on Dayton in Geneva last month.

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    Default Wahhabism in the Balkans

    ARAG, 3 Mar 08: Wahhabism in the Balkans
    Key Points

    * Growing concern over the rise of Wahhabism in the Balkans have dictated that the issue has shifted from the margins to the mainstream, fast becoming recognised as one the key political-security issues in the Western Balkan region.

    * The growth of Wahhabi groups in the region should be treated with caution. Incidents involving Wahhabi groups in Serbia (including Kosovo), Montenegro, and Macedonia demonstrate that the Wahhabi movement is no longer isolated within the territorial confines of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    * Its proliferation presents a challenge for already strained inter-ethnic relations and, more importantly, intra-Muslim relations in the region. It is imperative that the ongoing situation is not ignored or misunderstood by Western policy-makers.
    Complete 19 page paper at the link.

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    ARAG, 4 Aug 08: Political and Religious Conflict in the Sandžak
    Key Points

    * The rising tensions within the Islamic Community are causing growing concern. The split within the Community has led to an increase in violent incidents in the past year.

    * The current conflicts are linked to political struggles, but the instrumentalisation of the split threatens to destabilise intra-Bosniak relations, as well as inter-ethnic relations throughout the Sandžak and within an unstable Serbia.

    * The Balkan region is in a state of flux in the aftermath of Kosovo’s independence, and thus areas of potential instability such as the Sandžak should be closely monitored and treated with sensitivity.
    Complete 23 page paper at the link.

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    Default Wahhabi gathering held in Bosnia

    Wahhabi gathering held in Bosnia

    Source: http://www.serbianna.com/news/2008/02912.shtml

    August 18, 2008
    SERBIANNA

    A Wahhabi gathering was held over the weekend in a Bosnian village of Grmusa near the city of Bosanska Krupa where over 50 senior Bosnian Muslim wahhabi representatives met on the property owned by Fuad Vukovic.

    "There is nothing to record. This is a private gathering and reporters are not invited," said leader to the interested media that was stopped by the Wahhabi security at the outskirts of the village.

    A spokesman for the group who identified himself as Emir then told the media that the gathering is private and that its intent is to exchange ideas and to talk, mostly, about religious topics.....
    Last edited by Jedburgh; 08-20-2008 at 12:42 PM.

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    Registered User Hajduk's Avatar
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    Bosnian Wahhabis recruiting al-Qaeda


    Source: http://www.serbianna.com/blogs/newspost/?p=370

    Serbianna, August 20, 2008

    Bosnian politician Dzevad Galijasevic says that the reason for the recent gathering of Bosnian Wahhabis in the village of Bosnian Krupa was to plan a recruitment strategy of Bosnian Muslims via its Active Islamic Youth organization and their media outlets such as SAFF and others.
    Last edited by Hajduk; 08-25-2008 at 02:23 AM. Reason: Add link

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    SWP Comments, 5 Aug 08: The End of an Odyssey in Bosnia and Herzegovina
    When a considerably modified version of the police reform crossed the final hurdle in the upper house of the parliament of Bosnia and Herzegovina on 16 April 2008, officials not only in Sarajevo but in Brussels as well breathed a sigh of relief. The road to signing a Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) with the European Union (EU) was finally clear, bringing an end to an odyssey that had lasted years. Yet the wrangling over the police reform was really just a symptom of the structural deficits that continue to prevent a progressive dynamic developing in the country, each of which reveals a dilemma that hampers the involved parties’ ability to act: First of all there is the "dysfunctionality of Dayton", a derogatory term used to denounce the complex constitutional structure and the lack of willingness by elites in Bosnia and Herzegovina to engage in political reform. Thus, although desirable, a reform of the constitution is not realisable in the short term. Second, in recent years the international community, in particular the High Representative and the European Union, have acted in ways that have proved to be counterproductive. So while external actors continue to be the most important engine of reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina, their presence at the same time is an obstacle to further democratisation.....

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    Council Member davidbfpo's Avatar
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    Default Balkan watching (catch all)

    Outlaw09 highlighted an unexplained exchange of gunfire in Macedonia (see the first post, after this thread appears) and a gap in our coverage of the region.

    So aware that WW1 started with a spark with an assassination @ Sarejevo, it's time for a thread to collect posts and discussion on the region - mainly small, new states.

    There are a few historical, closed threads for background reading:

    1) Kosovo Independence:http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/...ead.php?t=4924
    2) Wahhabism in the Balkans:http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/...ead.php?t=5041
    3) Bosnia looks beyond Dayton:http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/...read.php?t=163

    If jihadism appears I suggest readers consult the articles by John Schindler's blog, which regularly reminds us how fertile the region can be:http://20committee.com/category/terrorism/

    Although the shooting is not explained these two BBC reports explain, 6th May 2015, there is a political crisis in Macedonia, with some public violence:http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-32610951 and http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-32612508
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 05-09-2015 at 11:06 AM.
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    Limited reporting via Twitter on the shooting:
    A Reuters photographer said special police units in armoured vehicles had locked down a suburb of Kumanovo, some 40 km (25 miles) north of the capital Skopje in an area that saw fighting during an ethnic Albanian insurgency in 2001. Gunfire was heard throughout the morning.
    Link:http://uk.reuters.com/article/2015/0...0NU0EU20150509

    From a local report (not in English):
    3 policemen killed, 12 wounded
    Link:http://portalb.mk/170442-koha-tre-po...r-ne-kumanove/

    A ten minute street scene film clip; looks like army and police deployed:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W6rrOYEtkEE
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 05-09-2015 at 01:27 PM.
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    #Kumanovo RIGHT NOW!
    @Op_Albania
    pic.twitter.com/oRowR5ymuK

    Heavy gunfire in #Kumanovo filmed by a resident:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oz7YDiKbcNg

    A year ago, I was in my family's village in #Macedonia watching news about ethnic tension with neighbour. 'It will pass' she told herself

    AFP: 4 police injured in #Macedonia after clashes with gunmen in a region that has history of ethnic tension http://www.globalpost.com/article/65...sh-armed-group

    Macedonia narrowly avoided all-out ethnic war in 2001...looks like it's getting close again http://uk.reuters.com/article/2015/0...0NU0EU20150509

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    Serbian press: some 450 Serbian military policemen + some armoured vehicles deployed this afternoon along border with #Macedonia.

    #Kumanovo clashes getting regional attention:
    #Serbia beefs up border
    #Albania's MFA to hold Press Conf
    #Kosovo issues statement

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    Grenades and shots heard from part of town known as #DivoNaselje. 2, maybe 3 houses burning. #Kumanovo
    via @JordanIva
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 05-09-2015 at 05:55 PM.

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    Gun fire, explosions 40km from #Macedonia capital.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKSJlS--Scc
    Police fights w/ unknown armed group
    @MaximEristavi
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 05-09-2015 at 11:03 AM. Reason: Copied to this new thread from Ukraine thread and edited down

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    Russian, Serbian, Nationalists Accused of Plotting Montenegro Coup :: Balkan Insight
    http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/arti...disqus_thread#

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    Montenegro has officially accused some of detained terrorists fighting in East-Ukraine among pro-Russian terrorists
    https://twitter.com/LUGANSK_TODAY/st...9706590433280#

    Montenegro: Russians behind coup attempt, plot to kill PM. Some have fought for pro-Russia rebels in eastern Ukraine
    https://apnews.com/3224b10f9bf043318b12d54cf06d1c21#
    Last edited by OUTLAW 09; 11-06-2016 at 08:01 PM.

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    Novorossia Russian mersenary Aleksandar Sindjelic, fought in eastern Ukraine now involved in Montenegro pro-Russian planned/organized/led coup attempt against their Western focused PM.

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    Suspect In Alleged Montenegro Coup Plot Pictured With Lavrov In Belgrade
    http://www.rferl.org/a/montenegro-co...28176472.html#

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    Montenegro Issues Warrant For Arrest Of Russians, Serbs In Alleged Coup Plot
    http://www.rferl.org/a/28201059.html

    "Russia wants not only a 'New Yalta',
    but also western endorsement of its right to interpret rules as it sees fit"
    http://app.ft.com/content/5d3d406a-c...-f57d90f6741a#
    Last edited by OUTLAW 09; 12-28-2016 at 06:57 PM.

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    Neo-Nazi training in NATO member Hungary and an attempted coup in Monte#negro: The Russian bear is getting bolder
    http://wpo.st/cN-J2
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 12-28-2016 at 10:04 PM.

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    Moldovas new pro-Russian president fires defence minister for 'flirting with NATO'

    http://www.unian.info/world/1700197-...ith-nato.html#

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    Trump's great friend Putin is now causing a potential explosion in the Balkans....HOW is Trump going to reign in his friend and protector Putin...???

    https://www.yahoo.com/news/serbia-wa...o-amid-balkan-...

    BELGRADE, Serbia (AP) — A Serbian train halted at the border with Kosovo and bearing signs reading "Kosovo is Serbian," has fueled a major crisis in the Balkans and escalated a potential Russia-West row over dominance in the heart of the Balkans.
    Serbia accused Kosovo's leaders on Sunday of "wanting war" and warned that it would defend "every inch" of its territory, a day after the train, decorated in Serbian Christian Orthodox symbols and flags, was prevented from entering the neighboring nation.
    Kosovo, supported by much of the West, declared independence from Serbia in 2008. But, Serbia and its Slavic Orthodox ally, Russia, do not recognize the split.
    Serbia has sought to maintain influence in Kosovo's north, where most of the country's Serb minority lives. NATO-led troops have controlled Kosovo's borders since a three-month air war in 1999 to stop a bloody Serbian crackdown against ethnic Albanian separatists.
    Serbian President Tomislav Nikolic issued the latest warning after the passenger train, painted in the colors of the red, blue and white Serbian flag, was prevented from crossing into Kosovo, where his government contends ethnic Serbs are under threat from Kosovo Albanians.
    "Yesterday, we were on the verge of clashes," Nikolic said after a meeting of the country's top security body following the train's overnight return to Belgrade. He accused the Kosovo Albanians of "wanting war."
    "We are a country which has to protect its people and its territory," Nikolic said, in the strongest rhetoric since the NATO-led troops took control of Kosovo's borders in 1999.
    Serbia officially is seeking European Union membership, but has lately been sliding toward the Kremlin and its policies to increase its influence in the Balkans. Serbia has strained relations with most of its neighbors — something many analysts believe is a Russian influence.
    Kosovo Prime Minister Isa Mustafa said he had contacted the United States and the European Union to express his country's concerns.
    "The time of provocation, conflicts and wars should belong to the past," Mustafa said, adding that such moves "are unacceptable, unnecessary actions that do not contribute to the normalization of the relations between our two countries."
    Nikolic, who is staunchly pro-Russian, said the EU and the West have never been on Serbia's side or come to its aid.
    "Why were the so-called international community and the Albanians so upset about one train?" Nikolic asked. "Maybe because it had 'Kosovo is Serbian' written on it, and because it had pictures of our icons inside."
    He also urged that Serbia halt its EU membership negotiation in Brussels, including a key part that calls for normalization of relations between Serbia and Kosovo.
    "My suggestion now is only to talk in Brussels when this train is allowed to pass. ... If there is no freedom of movement, what kind of Western civilization are we talking about then?" he said.
    Nikolic also slammed the outgoing Obama administration, and the U.S. support of Kosovo's independence — comments that reflected the general presumption here that President-elect Donald Trump will be more favorable toward Russia and Serbia.
    Referring to the naming of several locations in Kosovo after former President Bill Clinton, he said: "It seems to me that these are the last gasps of the outgoing American administration, whose representatives must earn the names of streets and squares they received for directly supporting, sponsoring the independence of Kosovo."
    Tensions between Serbia and Kosovo have soared following the recent detention in France of Ramush Haradinaj, a former Kosovo prime minister, on an arrest warrant from Serbia.
    Kosovo has called the warrant illegitimate and urged France to ignore it, while Serbia is urging Haradinaj's quick extradition to face war crimes charges.
    1987 is calling, it wants "We will defend the Serbs of Kosovo" back.
    Slobodan Milošević was not available for comment.

    Serbia seems bent on getting its pre-1912 borders back. That's a very achievable goal, guys -- keep it up. Just do everything Putin says.

    THIS is on top of the recent Russian mercenary coup attempt in Montenegro and their voiced anger at Macedonia for wanting to join the EU and NATO......
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 01-15-2017 at 07:06 PM. Reason: Moved to Balkan thread.

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