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Thread: Urban / City Warfare (merged thread)

  1. #181
    Council Member davidbfpo's Avatar
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    Default Moderator at work

    Twenty three threads have been merged in today, all bar one from SWJ Blog. Prompted by the next post.
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 01-03-2018 at 05:10 PM. Reason: 153,024v
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  2. #182
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    Default War is coming [back] to the cities

    Hat tip to WoTR for this article https://warontherocks.com/2018/01/ol...rkeys-war-pkk/ which dissects what happened when the PKK opted to fight in Turkish cities (it will be cross-posted elsewhere).

    The authors have observations on the wider impact on urban operations, for strategy and operations. Near the end:
    This dynamic suggests armed groups might choose to target cities even when their chances of military success are slim, that is, if they believe that they can frame the urban battle in ways that will help them achieve their long-term strategic objectives.
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  3. #183
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    Default Primer on Urban Operations

    From Army University Press and on open access, except for the post-Mosul report. Citing their introduction in part:
    Army Press has compiled a selection of articles from Military Review, publications from the Combat Studies Institute, monographs from students at the Command and General Staff College, and other publications. This primer on urban operations should not be viewed as the textbook on the subject, but rather as a starting point for renewed study and conversation.
    Link:ww.armyupress.army.mil/Online-Publications/Primer-on-Urban-Operations/#5?platform=hootsuite
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 01-12-2018 at 03:45 PM. Reason: 153,976v
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  4. #184
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    Default Urban / City Warfare (merged thread)

    Last edited by davidbfpo; 01-13-2018 at 09:19 AM. Reason: Copied to here.

  5. #185
    Council Member davidbfpo's Avatar
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    Default Cities and terror: an indivisible and brutal relationship

    Jason Burke, a journalist with The Guardian and writer on terrorism, has this very well-timed article, which draws on history and seeks to explain why terrorists know attacks in cities matter.

    Here is a "taster":
    f the urban environment offers practical assistance to the aspirant terrorist – a degree of anonymity, ease of sourcing components or funds, proximity to others in a network, communication facilities, transport – it also offers a wealth of targets. The nature of these virtually guarantees what all terrorists seek: attention.
    He ends with:
    The history of terrorism is thus the history of our cities. The history of our cities, at least over the last 150 years or so, is in part the history of terrorism. This is a deadly, inextricable link that is unlikely to be broken anytime soon.
    Link:https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2...hip-terrorism?

    In today's mailbox was a - startling for me - WoTR article on the Tet 1968 offensive in South Vietnam; which had an urban focus. A military failure for the NVA / VC, but a strategic victory. Worth a read.
    Link:https://warontherocks.com/2018/01/im...tet-offensive/

    Reading these articles and the coverage on the very recent, brutal Taliban / ISIS attacks in Kabul, Afghanistan, could GIRoA and its allies be in danger of repeating the Tet offensive?
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 02-10-2018 at 06:52 PM. Reason: 904v when a stand-alone thread
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  6. #186
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    Default 75yrs since Stalingrad: Urban Warfare: Past, Present, Future

    RUSI held a day, closed conference last week and have now published the programme and three other items, one a short paper. Plus a podcast by the opening speaker, ret'd General Mungo Melvin (till 33:45) and the historian Antony Beevor.

    Link:https://rusi.org/event/urban-warfare...present-future

    There are three PPT, alas slides only by:Peter Mansoor, David Kilcullen and a British brigadier.

    The paper refers to a re'd UK General Tony Newton's experience of how the British Army lost sight of urban fighting and has a section on Operation Agile Warrior that appears earlier in this thread.
    Link:https://rusi.org/sites/default/files...rks-newton.pdf
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 02-10-2018 at 06:46 PM. Reason: 157,481v
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  7. #187
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    Default The helpful App @ Raqqa

    An app created using a map seized from Islamic State was a "game changer" in the battle to defeat the extremists in Raqqa, a British man who fought the murderous group has said....Speaking to the Press Association, the 30-year-old said he understands the app was put together by the Americans using a very detailed map of Raqqa that was captured from IS: "I would be walking down the street and would take fire from a building or I would see enemy movement or a tank, all I'd have to do is move my dot, get the grid coordinates and call it in."
    Link:https://www.forces.net/news/anti-isi...p-retake-raqqa
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 02-19-2018 at 09:33 PM. Reason: 160,180v
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  8. #188
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    Last edited by davidbfpo; 03-07-2018 at 06:45 PM. Reason: Copied from SWJ Blog for reference and lightly edited

  9. #189
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    Default Urban / City Warfare (merged thread)

    Last edited by davidbfpo; 03-07-2018 at 06:45 PM. Reason: Copied from SWJ Blog for reference and lightly edited

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    Every so called urban training area I've seen looks more like a small village with neatly spread out buildings. When I think of Urban warfare, FIBUA or MOUT, I hink of central London or the Brazilian favelas. Maybe someone should contact the Japanese Gov and lease Hashima island also, for a more atmospheric look see here. At Least it looks like a slice of a city! Also it's out in the ocean so no noise concerns...Battle-Ship_Island_Nagasaki_Japan.jpg

  11. #191
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    Default The Worst of Both Worlds: An (Australian) analysis of urban littoral combat

    This paper The Worst of Both Worlds: An analysis of urban littoral combat by Dr Dayton McCarthy is from Australia. I have only skimmed the introduction and the papers itself is 5Mb. The intro's key passage:
    This is a paper about fighting in cities on coastlines – the contemporary topic of the combat in the ‘urban littoral’. This paper argues that urban littoral combat is the ‘worst of both worlds’ and brings together two of the most difficult forms of warfare – urban and amphibious operations.
    Link:https://www.army.gov.au/our-future/a...ations/army-25
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 04-23-2018 at 10:00 AM. Reason: 170,349v up 10k in 2 months
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  12. #192
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    Default MWI: Urban Warfare Project

    A pointer to the Modern War Institute's Urban Warfare Project collection of articles:https://mwi.usma.edu/urban-warfare-project/
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  13. #193
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    Default

    (CNN)The coming decades will see the growth of colossal megacities as the world's population increasingly moves into urban environments, a new United Nations report predicts.
    Today, 55% of the world's population is urban, a figure which is expected to grow to 68% by 2050, with the addition of 2.5 billion new city residents, according to projections by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
    By 2030, there will be 43 megacities around the world with populations of over 10 million, up from 33 similarly sized urban centers today and just 10 in 1990.
    https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/16/world...ntl/index.html
    A scrimmage in a Border Station
    A canter down some dark defile
    Two thousand pounds of education
    Drops to a ten-rupee jezail


    http://i.imgur.com/IPT1uLH.jpg

  14. #194
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    Default AFV survival in urban combat

    A short article from Australia. Which opens with:
    This systems-of-systems configuration is referred to as the Survivability Onion. Layers of the onion include: don’t be seen, don’t be hit, don’t be penetrated and don’t be killed. Each onion stratum features specific technologies to safeguard an AFV and its crew. However, AFV survivability is not just the sum of discrete defensive systems, but rather it is their collective integration that generates superior protection.
    Link:https://groundedcuriosity.com/shades...kippur-effect/

    Curious to see the Vulcan 20mm cannon back again, once more atop a M113.

    Didn't the IDF deploy such a system years ago, possibly for another purpose: ATGM, not drones?
    Last edited by davidbfpo; 2 Weeks Ago at 12:07 PM. Reason: 187,852v up 17k since April.202,846v today
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  15. #195
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    Default Crossing the Street: addressing one of urban warfare's greates challenges

    A sixteen pgs. paper from MWI @ West Point and near the start a passage:
    At the most basic level, however, there is an obvious, but neglected tactical problem in city fighting:simply crossing the street.
    The amount of damage and numbers of casualties in fighting in recent years in Raqqa, Aleppo, Marawi, and Mosul show how rudimentary urban warfare tactics remain, as well as the highly destructive nature of combat in cities. Without new tactics and tools for dealing with some of the basic challenges of urban combat, military units are forced to employ extremely destructive methods to reclaim cities from entrenched defenders.
    Link:https://mwi.usma.edu/wp-content/uplo...the-street.pdf

    I noted a reference to Hue Citadel in 1968, with 90mm tank cannon being found to be useless; my understanding is that the USMC realised only the "big guns" could breach the walls, so called up 155mm & 8" guns to batter a hole in the walls. When the ARVN mounted an assault the NVA/VC had left. Less certain is the tale that the USMC in Hue after a few days called the USMC Library @ Quantico, where a librarian explained how siege warfare had worked and so they reverted to those methods.

    Plus the reference to defenders who were willing to die, citing ISIS in Mosul as an example. Yesterday I watched a YouTube documentary on the Canadians assaulting the walled city of Ortona, Italy in 1943 held by German paratroopers, as relevant today as it was then.
    Link:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-SO7MoWh48g
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