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Adversary / Threat One man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter. Talk about (or with?) them.

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Old 08-25-2015   #221
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Default Minnesota leads the way: rehab & derad NOT in jail

An interesting development in Minnesota, where experience of radicalisation, going abroad to fight and terrorism - from the settled Somali community - as a local court opts for a new non-custodial option:http://www.thedailybeast.com/article...not-jail.html?

The article starts with:
Quote:
The first attempt to de-radicalize an Islamic extremist is happening in Minnesota right now, and it resembles a high-school civics class.An American citizen who pleaded guilty to supporting ISIS was ordered by a federal judge to leave jail—and go to a halfway home instead. That rehab program is run by a group that had no prior experience with would-be Islamic terrorists, The Daily Beast has learned.
Abdullahi of Minnesota was allowed to depart from jail and stay at a halfway home after he pleaded guilty to conspiring to provide material support to the so-called Islamic State widely known as ISIS in January. (Yusuf was stopped at the airport trying to fly to Turkey in May 2014, at age 18.) Once inside the halfway home, Yusuf was to be “de-radicalized” through regular meetings with a counselor whose curriculum looked more like a high-school civics course than religious deprogramming.
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Old 09-19-2015   #222
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Default How a group of young men from Minnesota were drawn to terror

A contrast to the first post, a long, local newspaper article on the Somali-Americans who have fled the USA to fight or who await court:http://www.startribune.com/from-the-...ror/324121191/
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Old 10-29-2015   #223
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Hat tip to WoTR for this medium-sized article 'The Social Science of Online Radicalisation' by Daveed Gartenstein-Ross and Nathaniel Barr:http://warontherocks.com/2015/10/the...dicalization/?
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Old 11-09-2015   #224
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Default How terrorists recruit online (and how to stop it)

A short article via Brookings by J.M. Berger:http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/marka...online-berger?
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Old 11-30-2015   #225
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Default Little evidence to show that prisons have become ‘universities of terror’

A contrarian viewpoint; which starts with:
Quote:
From “shoebomber” Richard Reid, to Abdelhamid Abaaoud, the ringleader of the attacks in Paris, there seem to be increasing examples of people becoming “radicalised” in jails. So how concerned should we be about the role of prisons in producing violent extremists? Contrary to those who argue that jails are at risk of becoming “universities of terror” there is actually relatively little systematic evidence of a link between prison and involvement in terrorism.
Link:http://www.radicalisationresearch.or...dicalisation/?
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Old 12-02-2015   #226
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Default Understanding an extremist right wing group

A different focus, the English Defence League (EDL) seen by many as an extremist right wing group and short article:http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/politicsandpo...civilisations/

The summary:
Quote:
Joel Busher reflects on what his 16 months of ethnographic fieldwork with the English Defence League tells us about what distinguishes them from the ‘ordinary English people’ that they claim to represent. His research highlights the importance of linking the attitudes and ideology of EDL activists with their lived experience, and questions what role society at large plays in shaping that experience.
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Old 12-08-2015   #227
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Default Arguably, it is we in the West who are deluded

A really interesting critique by two academics, thanks to WoTR:http://warontherocks.com/2015/12/cur...ticism-wrong/?

They end with:
Quote:
The result is that public policy in the West ignores fanatic agency and responds instead in self-consciously depoliticized ways. In effect, this criminological therapeutic model treats the converted zealot not as a danger to the wider society but as a victim pumped full of ideological steroids by unscrupulous online recruiters who, like predatory pedophiles, groom their otherwise innocent prey. The approach becomes even more suspect when extended to the case of the young women who happily trip off to Islamic State-controlled territories to offer themselves as jihadi brides. De-radicalization paints these young women as the deluded subjects of brainwashing. The simple but harsh truth is that like the men they embrace, they too have found meaning in an enthusiasm, which the wider society finds rebarbative, but which inspires action.

Neither “radicals” nor victims, they are largely immune to community sensitive de-radicalization programs promoted by Western governments because there is not much that is particularly radical in jihadist self-understanding. Arguably, it is we in the West who are deluded and we should make a start by “de-radicalizing” our own thinking.
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Old 01-25-2016   #228
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Default The Country Club Jihad: A Study of North American Radicalization

The Country Club Jihad: A Study of North American Radicalization

Entry Excerpt:



--------
Read the full post and make any comments at the SWJ Blog.
This forum is a feed only and is closed to user comments.
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Old 01-26-2016   #229
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Default Rehabilitated terrorists can deradicalise extremists

Malaysia has a long established counter-radicalization programme for those who are interned / detained without trial and rarely do I spot any reports. Here is one after a regional conference:http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/m...sts-says-zahid
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Old 02-18-2016   #230
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Default Known unknowns and the fight against violent extremism

A curious mixture of thoughts in this short article, mainly as it is based on East African and Australian experience:https://www.issafrica.org/iss-today/...lent-extremism
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Old 02-21-2016   #231
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Default Lessons from Italy and other places

Alison Jamieson is an author from way back, with a focus on IIRC on Italian terrorism and the linked memo to a UK parliamentary inquiry on 'Prevent', has many useful points. Not only on 'Prevent' in schools, but also other approaches to the issues:http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevi...ten/28666.html
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Old 04-13-2016   #232
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Default Before the Paris attack they were dancing in a night club

A FP article that challenges the traditional narrative to explain radicalisation:http://foreignpolicy.com/2016/04/13/...adicalization/

Here is one passage:
Quote:
...perhaps the more realistic — and in some ways more unsettling — scenario is that the Abdeslam brothers drifted in and out of jihadi activism and that this owed more to who they knew and how they lived than anything they believed.....

Later (CVE uses) the transformational view of radicalization: Implicit in their language and rhetoric is the idea that terrorism is the end stage of a process in which people come to adopt an extremist worldview that justifies violence.
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Old 04-22-2016   #233
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Default Pain, Confusion, Anger, and Shame: The Stories of IS Families

From an international research project by ICSR @ Kings; the summary ends with:
Quote:
Fighters’ families are among the most powerful assets in the struggle against IS. Their stories highlight the pain and suffering that aspiring jihadists are causing to their loved ones. Families can be key to stopping their sons and daughters from leaving; encouraging them to defect; and helping them re-integrate once they return. They need to be empowered, not left alone.
Link:http://icsr.info/2016/04/icsr-report...tate-families/
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Old 05-02-2016   #234
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The short review of the book Radical seems germane here. The link goes to that review.

http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/...56&postcount=9
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Old 06-07-2016   #235
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Default Former Extremists Tell Us How and Why They Left Fanaticism Behind

From VICE:
Quote:
I wanted to find out how and why a few former extremists left the world of fanaticism behind, so I got in touch with a few of them: ex-Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) members Billy McCurrie and Martin Snoddon, reformed racist Matthew Collins, former Irish Republican Army (IRA) member Shane O'Doherty, and Manwar Ali, who was once involved in violent jihad. Here are their stories in their own words.
Link:http://www.vice.com/read/former-extr...aticism-behind
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Old 07-04-2016   #236
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Default A new fad for college kids?

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016...bangladeshi-e/

Quote:
"They are all Bangladeshis. They are from rich families, they have good educational background," said Asaduzzaman Khan, the country's home minister, of the gunmen.
Another source I can't place here because it was based on a phone call, stated the captured terrorist indicated it was becoming a fad for college kids to associate with the Islamic State.

Regardless, these kids weren't motivated by poverty or not having jobs. They were well do to kids. In some ways this reminds me of many who join far left militant groups or protests, and then when they're interviewed they prove they have no knowledge (except for a limited number) of what they're fighting for, or what they're protesting against, it is just something cool to do. We tend to ignore the psychological aspects when we focus on the political factors, which at times can be a red herring.
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Old 07-04-2016   #237
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Bill Moore View Post
Regardless, these kids weren't motivated by poverty or not having jobs. They were well do to kids. In some ways it reminds me many who join for left militant groups or protests, and then when they're interviewed they prove they have no knowledge (except for a limited number) of what they're fighting for, what they're protesting against, it is just something cool to do. We tend to ignore the psychological aspects when we focus on the political factors, which at times can be a red herring.
Aren't the higher strata of Arab society also overreppresented in the rank of the Daesh? Maybe somebody has some study at hand...

Obviously that vile murder of foreigners, among them many Italians will have a negative effect on the economy.


*On a side note a distant relative of mine was a Catholic priest in Bangladesh during British Rule. Another, more distant one was murdered in China over a hundred years ago while serving as Franciscan friar. Nothing new under the sun...
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Old 07-05-2016   #238
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There is a short thread Poverty & Militancy do not mix, from 2012-2015:http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/...ad.php?t=16304

This may help readers.
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Old 09-06-2016   #239
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Default Dealing with extremism in UK prisons

The UK has had considerable experience with convicted terrorists, mainly during 'The Troubles' in Northern Ireland, so it is hard to understand that the system has been criticised by an official report as inadequate. This report, the public version, may be of interest:
Quote:
This summary provides an overview of the review led by Ian Acheson into Islamist extremism in prisons, probation and youth justice, namely its context, key findings and principal recommendations.
Link:https://www.gov.uk/government/public...-youth-justice

A different point of view by the Gatestone Institute (US-based, conservative), neat title 'Prisons: Harvard for Radicals':https://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/8...-radical-islam
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Old 10-07-2016   #240
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An Australian commentary on the UK's Prevent strategy and what lessons can be learnt:http://www.aspistrategist.org.au/dis...ent-extremism/

A BBC report on Sweden, which has problems at home, let alone jihadists going abroad:
Quote:
Sweden is a peaceful democratic state that has long been a safe haven for those fleeing conflict. Yet many young people whose families took refuge there are now turning their back on the country. More than 300 people have gone to fight in Syria and Iraq, making Sweden per capita one of the biggest exporters of jihadists in Europe.
Link:http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-37578919?

Jason Burke provides links to a World Bank report on who is radicalised in the MENA and aFinnish report on Boko Haram, in Nigeria:https://www.theguardian.com/world/20...ion-boko-haram

The UK's Prevent strategy once again is in the foreground, with a variety of opinions on whether it is flawed, "toxic" and working.

From a Muslim woman activist, who practices Prevent:
Quote:
Despite the government engaging with hundreds of mosques, community organisations and faith organisations in the last year, many Muslim organisations do not want to publicise the fact that they support Prevent. Sara Khan argues that this is because of a loud anti-Prevent lobby that is dominating the discourse on Prevent and vilifying those Muslim organisations that do engage with it. Khan argues that a far more complex and nuanced picture exists amongst British Muslims than is commonly presented.
Link:http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/religionpubli...ppose-prevent/

Then there is a prominent criminal lawyer, David Anderson, who is the independent reviewer of CT legislation, who is now calling for change:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/pa/...mmunities.html
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