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Old 10-07-2009   #21
Jedburgh
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JSOU, Sep 09: Irregular Warfare: Brazil's Fight Against Criminal Urban Guerrillas
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In this monograph Major General Alvaro de Souza Pinheiro contributes to the discussion of urban guerrillas, their impact on society, and the role of the armed forces in countering criminal elements. The rise of urban guerrillas is a result of an evolution in command and control capabilities, weapons, and doctrine that has given them strong influence over the daily lives of citizens living in neighborhoods where government support and control is limited or absent. The favelas (ghettos, slums) of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo are ready examples that provide the setting for General Alvaro’s monograph. The urban guerrilla, however, is emblematic of a wider-felt problem, not limited to Brazil. What makes General Alvaro’s monograph compelling is that this Brazilian story has universal application in many locales that are under-governed and under-supported by constituted authorities.

Last edited by Jedburgh; 01-04-2011 at 01:13 AM. Reason: Updated link.
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Old 01-12-2010   #22
Mike Burgoyne
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Default Rio

I will be in Rio shortly looking at the security situation with the favelas.

Any advice, contacts, and/or questions I should ask would be great.

Thanks

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Old 11-25-2010   #23
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Default Brazil police step up Rio gang violence drive

The BBC has had a couple of reports on a new police "surge" (sorry, could not resist that) into gang territory; link:http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-11838472

There are linked stories and the Marine Corps have provided the police with logistic support and a small number of APCs (M113 in the photos seen).
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Old 12-01-2010   #24
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*Shudder*

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Justin Bieber has groupies where you'd least expect them. An army of Brazilian cops raided the Rio headquarters of one of the country's most notorious drug gangs.
http://www.1035superx.com/cc-common/...rticle=7889026
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Old 12-01-2010   #25
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Originally Posted by AdamG View Post
That is just so...wrong

In too many ways
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Old 08-15-2011   #26
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Now *this* is a war on drugs.

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(CNN) -- The Brazilian Air Force on Friday dropped eight 500-pound bombs on a clandestine airstrip in the jungle near the Colombian and Venezuelan borders, part of wide military operation that goes beyond targeting drug traffickers.
Video of the scene, released by the air force, showed craters on the destroyed airstrip, which they say was used to move drugs.
http://edition.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/am...ary.operation/
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Old 11-14-2011   #27
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The government of Brazil sent 3,000 troops into Rocinha, the hillside shanty town overlooking Rio de Janeiro, in an effort to drive out crime and violence in advance of the 2014 World Cup.

They encountered little resistance as they moved in at 4 a.m., The New York Times reported, despite the neighborhood's "notorious" reputation. Indeed, the move by the government, blessed with the dissonant formal name "Shock of Peace," is as much public relations as police work. Troops alone won't correct bad infrastructure and endemic poverty.
http://www.theatlanticwire.com/globa...st-slum/44921/
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Old 11-06-2012   #28
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Rio: the fight for the favelas - Brazil’s most famous city has launched a huge offensive against drug gangs and militias before the next World Cup and Olympics, By Misha Glenny. FT Magazine, 2 November 2012.
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The integration strategy and efforts by the state and city hall are divided into two stages: UPP Policing and UPP Social.

The first stage sees crack forces storm the favelas in an intentionally intimidating act of urban shock and awe, followed by the establishment of a large civilian police presence inside the favelas for the first time in history.

When occupying Complexo de Alemão, in November 2010, the authorities decided against taking any chances: the army and navy were deployed to secure the perimeter of the entire area as the special forces went in search of the drug kingpins.

Everybody knew that the pacification of two of the city’s largest favelas, Alemão and Rocinha, was of overriding significance. “We chose those territories that were the critical nodes of criminal activity quite specifically, by assessing the fire power of the factions running them,” explains Beltrame. The greater the firepower, the higher up the list for pacification.
Interesting read.
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Old 11-09-2012   #29
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Another wave of attacks in Sao Paulo has been going on. Bus burned today, with all attacks emanating by one single criminal organization that has some readily identifiable political objectives:

http://noticias.uol.com.br/album/alb...to=2#fotoNav=2

The leaders of the said organization have been commanding murders of law enforcement agents. 90 so far this year.

A very shocking video of an attack against a police sergeant:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kalcxLjh4ts

These murders were commanded from within prison cells. This was an electoral year, and similar attacks have been constant in every other electoral year.

Last edited by ccmaximus; 11-09-2012 at 04:39 AM.
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Old 03-25-2013   #30
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Default A band-aid to fix a dysfunctional city.

A critical comment on 'Pacifying Rio', which has some interesting points I have not seen before. For example the Brazilian foreign policy goals being expressed in their military role in the UN Haiti mission, with the lessons learnt coming home.

Link:http://www.opendemocracy.net/opensec...-security-oper
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Old 06-25-2013   #31
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Default The harsher side of Brazil

Amidst the limited reporting here of the protests against bus fare rises and then with a wider theme a report on how Brazilian police can act:
Quote:
A security force operation in northern Rio de Janeiro has left eight people dead, as the country struggles to contain a popular uprising partly fueled by police brutality.
I suspect this fact may explain a lot:
Quote:
a Special Operations Battallion (BOPE) sergeant was killed
Not seen these figures before, they are rather sobering:
Quote:
Police in Rio and Sao Paulo, Brazil's two biggest cities, have killed 11,000 people in the last ten years - in 2008 one person was killed for every 23 arrested, compared to the US police average of one death per 37,000 people arrested.
Link:http://www.insightcrime.org/news-bri...favela-protest

If you're thinking of visiting Brazil for the World Cup in 2014, time to rethink?
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Old 10-26-2013   #32
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Default Downside for pacification: a torture indictment for one

Not unexpected I fear, the opening passage from a NYT report:
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A Brazilian police officer who spoke at a technology conference in New York on Tuesday about the potential of a new smartphone app to aid in the “pacification” of Rio de Janeiro’s lawless favelas was indicted the same day by prosecutors back home in connection with a notorious case of torture and murder by her unit in July.
Link:http://thelede.blogs.nytimes.com/201...new-york/?_r=0

The lady officer did return home. Yes being a police officer in such places is very hard, torture is not the response.

I had not realised the pacification effort was partly privately funded:
Quote:
In August, the embattled Brazilian business tycoon Eike Batista — whose annual contributions of nearly $10 million had paid for U.P.P. equipment, uniforms, weapons, ammunition and training — withdrew his financial support for the project.
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Old 12-29-2013   #33
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Default Pacification was a dream of the residents that became a nightmare

The title comes from the closing line in the linked article, which was headlined:
Quote:
Gang gunfights loom over Rio de Janeiro's World Cup preparations
It appears that not every favela likes pacification:http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worl...parations.html
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Old 02-06-2014   #34
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Not what one expects, let alone the Brazilian military police:
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Brazil's military police have killed six people in response to a gang assault against a Rio de Janeiro Police Pacification Unit, as the city's "pacification" program wavers in the face of regrouping gangs and a lack of progress in resolving social problems.Men in one of the cars opened fire, shooting two police officers, one of which later died.
Link:http://www.insightcrime.org/news-bri...cation-program

Moderator's Note

There is a new parallel thread Out of the mountains into the slums? to discuss what might happen in Brazil, following the recent writing on forthcoming conflict by David Kilcullen, so this thread is locked TFN. So please use:http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/showthread.php?t=20687
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Last edited by davidbfpo; 05-20-2014 at 03:19 PM. Reason: Add note and lock thread
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