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Old 12-10-2011   #41
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Default Lessons learnt from Oslo

A detailed and long analysis piece by Raffaello Pantucci 'What Have We Learned about Lone Wolves from Anders Behring Breivik?'. The abstract says:
Quote:
Anders Behring Breivik’s massacre on July 22, 2011 showed the danger that a well-organized Lone Wolf could cause. The methodical and calculated way with which he prepared and justified his act awoke security services the world over as to the potential menace that this form of terrorism can pose. As they revise their strategies, this article casts a preliminary eye on the case using a particular Lone Wolf prism of analysis to try to see what lessons can be learned from the case. Drawing on Breivik’s own writing and public sources, the article analyses his biography, the ideology he used to justify his act, the degree to which he seems to have been connected to others, his effectiveness, what role the Internet played and his mental competence all to try to draw some early lessons from the case. In concluding it offers some possible lessons learned that might offer practitioners some ideas of how to counter this sort of a threat in the future.
Link:http://raffaellopantucci.com/2011/12...hring-breivik/

He concludes:
Quote:
From the perspective of countering people going down Breivik’s path, it is almost impossible to imagine solutions without moving into the space of curtailing individual free speech rights something that is clearly counter-productive. However, some recognition of the potential for such virulent language to be taken further into action by certain individuals is important. Mainstream political parties should make greater efforts to counter it through debate when they see it emerge. A parallel case to be considered in this light is that of Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords in the US. She was shot by a man who thought he was doing his part to support the extreme right of his party that had attacked Congresswoman Giffords as a traitor for holding certain views. Ideas and words have great power and in a world where we can see the ease with which terrorist operations can be launched by individuals without much outside direction, consideration must be paid to the fact that such extreme ideas might resonate in different ways than they are intended. While stamping out such ideas and thoughts is going to be impossible, currently in some European countries, such ideas have been allowed to slowly move into the mainstream with little confrontation from established political entities. More effort could be expended to confront such ideas and prevent them being mainstreamed. The result otherwise is likely to be more Lone Wolf attacks in the future with a few managing to get through with results as spectacular and tragic as Anders Behring Breivik’s.
To say the least an investigative nightmare, even with modern techniques, notably in IT systems doing the initial analysis - so many leads to check.
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Old 04-20-2012   #42
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Default The far right in Europe post-Oslo

The trial of Breivik has received some coverage by the BBC, but I expect this to lapse with an anticipated ten week trial:http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17781472

As you would expect pundits and analysts have published their views of late, although IMHO their timing is poor and it would have been better to wait till the trial ended.

The first article was published a month ago in France, by a Norwegian:http://www.opendemocracy.net/mariano...root-in-europe

There is some cross-over in a FP Blog piece by a German author:http://www.foreignpolicy.com/article...lone?page=full
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Old 04-21-2012   #43
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I'm really not looking forward to the coverage. Breivik is just going to spout the same awful, racist crap that awful racists always spout.
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Old 04-21-2012   #44
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Imagine some billionaire tracks all TV hours wasted on such a crap and then decides to buy the same qty of TV hours, same time slots, for something useful.
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Old 04-21-2012   #45
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Quote:
Originally Posted by motorfirebox View Post
I'm really not looking forward to the coverage. Breivik is just going to spout the same awful, racist crap that awful racists always spout.
Somehow for such people it is always necessary to sacrifies the lives of other human beings for the-ir greater good. Usually the preperation of this entails "hard choices" and "sacrifices" on their part and the story of their personal effort becomes central.

The human mind has an amazing ability to make things up to suit its perceived needs. In this twisted logic the more horrible the crime which "had to be done" the more laudable the personal effort to achieve or overcome it for the "good" purpose can be.
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Old 08-05-2012   #46
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Default Review of the police's handling of the attacks

Hat tip to an occasional blogsite for a pointer to:
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The Norweigan Central Evaluation Commission has published its review into police handling of the violent attacks of 22 July 2011 in Norway
Summary:
Quote:
The main findings and recommendations are:

Notification by red alert: The police need to review and improve their alert system.

Situation reporting: The police need to improve situation reporting skills, focusing on verifying information, making sure the information is relevant for the superior lead, and highlighting information that is new since the last situation report.

Organisation, direction and coordination: There is mixed capability from area to area to respond to an event of this kind, and some areas had not updated their response plans. There is a need to consider introducing requirements as to minimum police staffing and skills, and there should be more attention on district-to-district peer support. The police needs to introduce a nation-wide emergency communications system due to communications problems experienced during the event, and several other IT and communications systems should be revamped. Police need to provide more training in incident management. There was good coordination between police and other partners on the ground. Overall, the Commission finds that the police carried out their duties as promptly as possible under the circumstances.

Management of evacuees and family/friends: Family and friends have been positive about the support they received from police in the immediate aftermath of the event, and centres for evacuees and family/friends were rapidly set up. But confusion was caused because several hotline numbers were released, people were confused about which one to use, and cooperation with the public health services caused frustration.

Public relations: There was confusion about which police district was handling press and media enquiries, and the Commission recommends that where more than one police district is affected by an incident the National Police Directorate should play a greater role in coordination. More user-friendly software is needed for posting information on the public police website, and insufficient attention was devoted to public relations challenges in the restoration-of-normality phase.

Health and safety: The Commission recommends that local Health and Safety plans be developed further.
Link to report:https://www.politi.no/vedlegg/rapport/Vedlegg_1665.pdf

Link to the pointer:http://rachelbriggs.wordpress.com/
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Old 08-25-2012   #47
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Default Oslo 22/7 attacks: learning the lessons

After the bombing attack in central Oslo and the massacre at a youth camp on Utoya island, by Anders Behring Breivik, Norway set up an independent commission, known as the 22 July Commission, to:
Quote:
review and learn from the terrorist attacks
This link is to the commission's website, which has an English extract, which is highly recommended reading:http://22julikommisjonen.no/en/Report

The extract has some startling comments on the first responders & health service compared to the police and on the difficulties of ensuring identified problems are really resolved.

The BBC report on 22/7:http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-19241327 and this week Breivik was dealt with in court:http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-19376468

I am particularly interested in the pre-attack intelligence aspects, in March 2012 the Norwegian PST or Police Security Services:
Quote:
is comparable to the MI5 in the UK
To date I have been unable to trace a copy of this report; the BBC News report has a very short summary:http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17399488

If anyone has a link to the report, preferably in English, please let me know or post here.

Finally there is a previous thread on the Oslo attacks 'Norway attacks: what happened and the implications', so this thread will be merged one day:http://council.smallwarsjournal.com/...ad.php?t=13830
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Old 06-23-2013   #48
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Default Utoeya: How does a country recover from mass murder?

Lessons seen and mainly learnt from Norway:
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It's been nearly two years since Norwegian mass killer Anders Breivik murdered 77 people, most of them teenagers. Nearly a quarter of Norwegians knew someone directly affected. But as the country began to grieve together, it also embarked on a unique process of healing.
Link:http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-22951220
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Old 06-26-2013   #49
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The Norwegian internal security service, PST, published a report on the Breivik attack and why their systems failed to identify him beforehand as a threat. Thanks to a "lurker" I have found two press releases on the PST's website that summarise their July 2012 report, which appears to be only available in Norwegian:http://www.pst.no/media/43446/evalue...072011_PST.pdf

a) How far should a security service could go in preventing? http://www.pst.no/blogg/hvor-langt-s...i-a-forebygge/

b) PST's evaluation after 22 July events http://www.pst.no/media/utgivelser/e...-22-juli-2011/
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Old 04-15-2015   #50
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An event @ The Frontline Club, London next month with:
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...award-winning foreign correspondent sne Seierstads new book, One of Us, offers a definitive account of this tragic episode in Norways history. She will be joining us to share her research and talk about what she discovered about Breivik, his ideology and the world he grew up in.
Normally within days a podcast apepars on the website:http://www.frontlineclub.com/insight...tad-one-of-us/
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